A Comparison of the Narrative Structure of

The Gospels of Luke and Matthew

 

The Gospel of Luke

 

The Gospel of Matthew

 

I. The Lukan Infancy Narrative (1-2; #E-L)

I.  The Matthean Infancy Narrative (1-2)

      A. Prologue, 1:1-4

     A.. Genealogy (1:1-17)

      B. The Appearances of Gabriel(1:5-38)

     B.  Birth Of Jesus   (1:18-25)

      C. Elizabeth & Mary; The Births of John and Jesus (1:39-2:20)

          The Speeches of Mary, Zechariah, Simeon in the Spirit (1:46-55, 1:68-79, 2:29-32).

     C.  Visit of the 3 Wise Men (2:1-12)

       D.  The Circumcision of Jesus and Jesus in the Temple (2:21-52)

 

     D. Flight to Egypt  (2:13-23)

 

I.  The Galilean Section (Luke 3:1-18:14, #1-186)

 

II. The Galilean Section  (Mt 3-18)

A.  In the Wilderness (3:1-4:13; # 1-8)

    1. The Preaching and Activity of John

     2. The Baptism and Genealogy of Jesus (3:21-38)

       The Spirit Descends on Jesus (3:21-22)

      3.  The Temptation Narrative (4:1-13)

 

A. In the Wilderness  (3:1-4:11)

   1. The Preaching and Activity of John the Baptist (3:1-12)

   2. The Baptism of Jesus  (3:13-17)

   3. The Temptation Narrative (4:1-11)

 

B. JesusÕ Ministry  in Galilee - Luke 4:14-18:14)

B. Jesus in Galilee (4:12-18:35, #30-173)

    1.Jesus Appears, Preaching and Healing in the Spirit of God (4:14-6:16)

 

       a.  JesusÕ Preaching in the Synagogue of Nazareth (Lk 4:16-30, # 9-10)

      Quote from Isaiah; Expansion of Mark 6:4: "Prophets are not without honor except in their hometown and among their kin"

 

       b. JesusÕ Ministry of Healing in Galilee; JesusÕ Rejection by his own (4:39-6:11)

     c. The Call of the Disciples (6:12-16,)

     d. The Sermon on the Plain (6:20-49, # 77-83)

  1. Jesus Appears, Calls disciples, teaches, and heals the sick (4:12-25, GP 9-16)

 

  2. JesusÕ First Discourse: The Sermon On the Mount (5:1-7:29, #50-76)

         

 3. JesusÕ Ministry in Galilee: Teaching, Preaching, and Healing (8:1-9:38; 84-98)

 

4. JesusÕ Second Discourse: Instructions to the Disciples  (The Missionary Discourse; 10:5-11:1,  99-105)

    2. JesusÕ Ministry with Parables and Signs; Rejection by his own (7:1-8:56, # 79-107)

       The CenturionÕs Slave

       The WidowÕs Son 

       John and Jesus,

       The Woman with Ointment (7:36-50, #83)

      The Ministering Women (8:1-3; #84)

 5. Stories of Healing and Growing Opposition to JesusÕ Ministry (11:2-12:50, #106-121)

 

6. JesusÕ Third Discourse: Teaching in Parables (13:1-52, # 122-134)

          [Compare with GP 232 (Mt 26:6-13; Mk 14:3-9 and GP 250, Mk 15:40, Mt 27:56]

 

 

  3. The Sending out of the Twelve and Discipleship   (9:1-50)

    The Confession at Caesarea Philippi, Lk 9:18-27 (#122-23)

7. Miracles and Discipleship   (14:1-17:27)

 

 

  4. LukeÕs Special Section (9:51-18:14, 137-86)

    Jesus sets his face twd Jerusalem, 9:51

    The Mission of the 70 (Lk 10:1-20)

    The Parable of the Good Samaritan (Lk 10:29-37)

      The Story of Mary and Martha (10:38-42)

      The Lord's Prayer (11:1-4)

      Jesus' Teaching on Humility (14:7-14)

      Parables of the Banquet, the Lost Sheep-Coin-Prodigal Son (Lk 14:15-32)

      Riches and the Kingdom (16:1-31)

8.  JesusÕ Fourth Discourse: Community Order and Discipline (Mt 18:1-35)

 

 

II. The Judean Section , Luke 18:15-24:12)

 

A. The Journey to Jerusalem  (18:15-19:27)

II. The Judean Section   Matthew 19-28

 

A. The Journey to Jerusalem (Mt 19:1-20:34)

 

 

B. The Days in Jerusalem  (Lk 19:28-21:7)

B. The First Days in Jerusalem (Mt 21-25)

 

        Parables of the Wicked Tenants, Marriage Feast (21:33-22:14)

C. The Synoptic Apocalypse  (Lk 21:8-36)

C. JesusÕ Fifth Discourse: The Synoptic Apocalypse  (Mt 24:4-25:46)

D. The Passion Narrative  (22-23)                

       The Last Supper ( Lk 22:14-38)

D. The Passion Narrative (Mt 26-27)

     The Last Supper   Mt 26:20-29

E. The Empty Tomb  Lk 24:1-12

E. The Empty Tomb (Mt 28:1-10)

F. The Resurrection Narrative (Lk 24:13-53)

   The Road to Emmaus (Lk 24:13-35)

    JesusÕ Appearance to the Disciples (24:36-49)

    The Ascension  (24:50-53)

F. The Resurrection Narrative (Mt 28:11-20)

     The Commissioning to Make Disciples of All Nations (28:16-20)