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R. Bruce Partridge

Bettye and Howard Marshall Professor of Natural Sciences
Haverford College


  • Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041
  • Phone:(610) 896-1144
  • Fax: (610) 896-4904
  • Email:


  • 628 Overhill Road, Ardmore, PA 19003
  • Phone: (610) 642-1331


  • Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, May 16, 1940
  • Married to Dr. Jane Christina Widseth; two children, John (22) and Carl (19)


  • A.B., Princeton University, 1962
  • D. Phil., Oxford University, 1965


  • Lab instructor, Oxford University, 1963-65
  • Instructor, Princeton University, 1965-67
  • Assistant Professor, Princeton University, 1967-70
  • Associate Professor, Haverford College, 1970-1976
  • Full Professor, Haverford College, 1977-present
  • Marshall Professor of Natural Sciences, Haverford College, l982-present
  • Dean of the College, Haverford College, 1982-1985
  • Provost, Haverford College, 1990-1995

Fellowships and Awards

  • Rhodes Scholar, 1962-1965
  • Fulbright Scholar (Uruguay), 1970
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow, 1971-1976
  • Fulbright Scholar (Norway), 1979
  • Christian and Mary Lindback award for distinguished teaching, 1981
  • Martin Foss Award (by Haverford students), 1981
  • American Physical Society Award for Research
    in an Undergraduate Institution, 1988
  • Guggenheim Fellowship, 1988-1989

Society Memberships and Professional Activities

  • Member of the American Astronomical Society (A.A.S.) and the International Astronomical Union (I.A.U.).
  • Committee Member, High Energy Astrophysics Division of A.A.S., 1969-1971.
  • Member, Evaluation Committee for National Research Council Postdoctoral Research Associateships, 1970-1972.
  • N.A.S.A. Consultant (Evaluation of Proposals for COBE, 1975; other reviews, 1994 and 1995).
  • Member, State Selection Committee for Rhodes Scholarships (West Virginia), 1975-1982; New Jersey (1993), Pennsylvania (1994-98; 2001).
  • Member-at-large, Section Committee on Astronomy of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1976-1979.
  • NSF "Chautauqua" Lecturer, several occasions, 1972-1980.
  • Director, Sloan Minority Science Program, Haverford, 1980-1982.
  • User's Committee, National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), 1981-1983.
  • Gravitation, Cosmology and Cosmic Rays Panel of the National Research Council Physics Survey Committee, 1983-84 (see publication 61 below).
  • Chair, High Redshift Working Group of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the NRAO Millimeter Array, 1985.
  • Member, selection committee for the Marshall Scholarships to Great Britain, 1982-1991.
  • Member, committee appointed by Educational Testing Service to write the Graduate Record Examination in Physics, 1986-1988.
  • Member, Scientific Program Committee, Twelfth Conference of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation, 1988-1989; I.A.U Symposium 168, 1993-1994; IAU Symposium 175, 1994-1995; I.A.U Symposium 183, 1997; I.A.U Symposium 201, 2000.
  • Vice-president, Commission 47 (Cosmology) of the I.A.U, 1988-1991.
  • President, Commission 47 (Cosmology) of the I.A.U, 1991-1994.
  • Councilor, American Astronomical Society, 1989-1992.
  • Consultant on grants, program planning and undergraduate education, NSF.
  • Member of visiting committees to University of Virginia, Princeton, the Cener for Particle Astrophysics (Berkeley), the National Radio Astrnomy Observatory, Haystack Observatory and IPAC.
  • Member, Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, NSF, 1993-1996.
  • President, Division of Cosmology and Extragalactic Astronomy, I.A.U, 1994-1997.
  • Education Officer, American Astronomical Survey Committee (the "decadal study" in astronomy), 1998-2000.
  • Member, Portfolio Allocation Review Committee, NSF/AST, 1999.
  • Member, Distinguished Teacher Scholar advisory committee to NSF/DUE, 1999.
  • Member, Committee on Science and the Arts, the Franklin Institute, 1999-2002.

College Committees and Related Duties

  • Member, Steering Committee for Middle States Evaluation, 1997-1999.
  • Provost, 1990-1995.
  • Chair, Educational Policy Committee, 1989-1990 (member, ex officio of the same committee, 1990-1995 and 1982-1984).
  • Presidential Search Committee, 1987-1988.
  • Chair, Administrative Advisory Committee (our budget committee), 1986-1987; also member (then chair) of the same committee, 1976-1978.
  • Secretary, Haverford's chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, 1986-1988.
  • Ad Hoc "Aesthetics" Committee for the rehabilitation of two major buildings on campus (design decisions; selecting architects, etc.), 1987-1993.
  • Dean of the College, 1982-1985.
  • Member of Academic Council (Haverford's tenure and reappointment committee), 1990-1995, 1981-1985 and 1972-1975.
  • Member, Long-Range Planning Committees, 1997-1999, 1994-1995, 1983-1984 and 1979-1980.
  • Minority Science Scholars, advisor, 1980-1982.
  • Member, Committee on Admissions Policy, 1975-1976; this was the group that recommended and planned for the admission of women to Haverford.
  • While at Princeton, I served as a freshman advisor and worked with the Admissions Office; I was also on the Governance Committee in 1968-1969, a Board-Faculty-Student committee which reordered the governance of the University.

    I have not listed here some continuing but off and on duties such as service on search committees for faculty and administrators, assembling tenure and promotion cases and several terms of duty as department chair.

Research Interests

  • The cosmic microwave background radiation, especially its angular distribution (see publications 9, 26, 31, 42, 50, 64, 74, 75, 101 and 121 below) and its spectrum (see 13 and 53 below).
  • Galaxy formation and the physical properties of newly-formed and starburst galaxies (see 7, 29, 65, 67, 73, 114 and 130 below.)
  • Cosmology, especially the question of the present mass and luminosity density of the Universe and star formation history (see 10, 23, 33, 43, 71 and 141 below) and radio source counts (see 50, 60, 67, 102, 117, 130 and 147 below).
  • In the past, I've also worked on optical pumping in gasses, pulsar timing, the interstellar medium and short time-scale phenomena in astronomy (e.g., searches for microwave pulses associated either with gravitational wave events or with supernovae).


Current support

NSF AST 00-71192,"RUI: Radio Wavelength Studies of Early and Large Structures)" ($213,000), 2000-03
NSF DUE 99-52353, "Systemic Reform in Introductory Astronomy" ($40,000), 2000-03.

In the past, I have had NSF support continuously since 1976, and grants from NATO, the Dudley Observatory, the AAAS, and NASA
(HST Cycle 7).

Observing time

In addition to numerous runs at the Very Large Array and (former) 11-meter telescope, I have made radio observations at Green Bank and the Argentine Radio Astronomy Institute, and optical observations at Kitt Peak (0.9 and 1.3 meter telescopes), Lick Observatory, the Wyoming Infrared Observatory, NASA's Infrared telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope.

Teaching experience

In addition to advanced astronomy courses, I have taught physics courses at all levels here and at Princeton. I also enjoy teaching technical subjects to non-specialists; roughly 20% of the Haverford student body takes one of the two astronomy survey courses I offer. Some years ago, I taught in Haverford's Freshman Seminar program, a writing-intensive seminar course for entering students.

I try to involve juniors and seniors in research; more than 20 of my papers have student co-authors.

Former Students Now in Astronomy or Related Fields

Listed here are students who have done research with me as undergraduates, and have then gone on to scientific careers. In roughly historical order, they are:
  • William Stoner (my only graduate student at Princeton), now in a medical technology firm
  • Jay Gallagher, Director, Wisconsin
  • Steve Boughn, Haverford
  • Paul Hanle, Philadelphia Science Museum
  • Steve Pravdo, JPL
  • Susan Ames, Radio Institute, Bonn
  • John Thorstensen, Dartmouth
  • George Lake, University of Washington
  • Michael Gregg, University of California, Davis
  • Eric Feigelson, Presidential Young Science Investigator at Penn State
  • Buddy Martin, University of Arizona
  • Ann Wehrle, Caltech
  • Tom McGlynn, Space Telescope Science Institute
  • Jacqueline Hewitt, MIT
  • Alex Rudolph, Harvey Mudd
  • Ian Dell'Antonio, Brown University
  • Hank Donnelly, CfA
  • Ravi Sheth, University of Pittsburgh
  • Liese Van Zee, Indiana University
  • Thomas Crawford, JILA
  • Eric Richards, NASA Marshall
  • Elizabeth Rizza, New Mexico State

    Former Haverford students who have worked with me are now enrolled in graduate programs at Arizona, Boston University, Cornell, Johns Hopkins, Princeton, Santa Cruz, and Washington.

    All published papers to date are listed. Those that may be more interesting are highlighted in green.

  1. (with G. B. Field)  Stimulated Emission of the 3.04-cm Fine-Structure Line of Hydrogen in Diffuse Nebulae, Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 134, 959 (1961).
  2. The Carry-Over of Coherence in a Cycle of Optical Pumping in Helium; Proceedings AIP and APS Conference on Atomic Spectra and Radiation Processes, London (1965).
  3. (with T. R. Carver) Monitoring Operators in Magnetic Resonance and Light Modulation,  American Journal of Physics, Vol. 34, No. 4, 339, April (1966).
  4. (with G. W. Series) The Modulated Absorption of Light in an Optical Pumping Experiment in 4He, Proc. Phys. Soc., Vol. 88, 969 (1966).
  5. (with G. W. Series) The Transfer of Coherence by Collisions of 3He Atoms, Proc. Phys. Soc., Vol. 88, 983 (1966).
  6. (with G. B. Field and H. Sobel*) Effects of Absorption Spectra of Ices on the u.v. Extinction by Interstellar Grains, Interstellar Grains, NASA SP-140, 1967.
  7. (with P. J. E. Peebles) Are Young Galaxies Visible?, Astrophysical Journal,
    Vol. 147
    , No. 3, 868, March (1967).

  8. (with P. J. E. Peebles) Are Young Galaxies Visible?  II. Astrophysical Journal,
    Vol. 148
    , 377, May (1967).
  9. (with D. T. Wilkinson) Isotropy and Homogeneity of the Universe from Measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 18, No. 14, 557, April (1967).
  10. (with P. J. E. Peebles) Upper Limit on the Mean Mass Density Due to Galaxies, Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 148, 713, June (1967).
  11. Possible Population II Binary Stars, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 72, No. 6, 713, August (1967).
  12. (with D. T. Wilkinson) Large Scale Density Inhomogeneities in the Universe, Nature, Vol. 215, No. 5102, 719, August (1967).
  13. (with R. A. Stokes and D. T. Wilkinson) New Measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background at l = 3.2 cm and l = 1.58 cm—Evidence in Support of a Blackbody Spectrum, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 19, No. 20, 1199, November (1967).
  14. The Primeval Fireball Today, American Scientist, Vol. 57, p. 37, Spring (1969).
  15. (with P. Encrenaz) Mean Free Paths of Cosmic Rays through a Far Infrared Radiation Field, Astrophysical Letters, Vol. 3, p. 161 (1969).
  16. (with P. E. Boynton, E. J. Groth and D. T. Wilkinson) Precision Measurement of the Frequency Decay of the Crab Nebula Pulsar, Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 157, L197, September (1969).
  17. (with M. G. Smith*) Can Discrete Sources Produce the Cosmic Microwave Radiation? Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 159, 737, March (1970).
  18. (with Remo Ruffini) Gravitational Waves and a Search for Associated Microwave Electromagnetic Radiation, Essay submitted to the Gravity Research Foundation (3rd prize 1970).
  19. (with S. P. Boughn* and D. M. Fram) Isotropy of the Microwave Background at 8 mm Wavelength, Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 165, 439, May (1971).
  20. Search for Microwave Pulses Associated with Gravitational Radiation, Physical Review Letters, 26, 912, 1971.
  21. (with P. Horowitz et al.) Optical Time-of-arrival Measurements from the Crab Pulsar, Astrophysical Journal Letters, 166, L91, 1971.
  22. Timing of Optical Pulses from the Crab Nebula Pulsar, I.A.U. Symposium 46, 1971.
  23. (with B. Nickerson*) The Density of Intergalactic Dust, Astrophysical Journal, 169, 203, 1971.
  24. (with G. T. Wrixon) A constraint on Astrophysical Sources of Gravity Waves, Astrophysical Journal Letters, 173, L75, 1972.
  25. (with P. Boynton et al.) Optical Timing of the Crab Pulsar, NP0532, Astrophysical Journal, 175, 217, 1972.
  26. (with P. Boynton) Fine-scale Anisotropy in the Cosmic Background Radiation at l = 3.5 mm, Astrophysical Journal, 181, 243, 1973.
  27. Absorber Theory of Radiation and the Future of the Universe, Nature, 244, 263, 1973.
  28. (with G. T. Wrixon et al.) Sensitive Search for Microwave Pulses from the Galactic Centre, Nature, 245, 53, 1973.
  29. A Search for Primeval Galaxies at High Redshifts, Astrophysical Journal, 192, 241, 1974.
  30. (with T. Delayne et al.) A Search for Microwave Pulses from the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 36, 83, 1974.
  31. Large Scale Anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background, in I.A.U. Symposium 63, Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data, ed. M. S. Longair, Reidel and Co., 1974.
  32. Pulse Astronomy, in Neutron Stars, Black Holes and Binary X-Ray Sources, ed. H. Gursky and R. Ruffini, Reidel and Co., 1975.
  33. (with J. R. Thorstensen*) Can Collapsed Stars Close the Universe?, Astrophysical Journal, 200, 527, 1975.
  34. (with W. P. S. Meikle et al.) An Upper Limit to Microwave Pulse Emission at the Onset of a Supernova, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 46, 477, 1976.
  35. A Review of Some Radio and Microwave Searches for Transient Phenomena, Astrophysics and Space Sciences, 42, 69, 1976.
  36. (with G. Lake*) Detection of Intergalactic Gas in Distant Rich Clusters (Abstract), Nature, 270, 502, 1977.
  37. Observational Cosmology, in Proceedings of the First Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity (R. Ruffini, ed.), North-Holland, 1978.
  38. Upper Limit on the Microwave Pulsed Emission from Supernovae Explosions, Astrophysics and Space Sciences, 54, 355, 1978.
  39. Cosmological Anisotropies in the Microwave Background, in Physics of the Expanding Universe, M. Demianski, ed., Springer, Berlin, 1979.
  40. Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background at Small Angular Scales, Physics Scripta, 21, 624, 1980.
  41. (with G. Sironi et al.) Anisotropies in the Intensity of the Cosmic Microwave Background, in Proceedings of the Kyoto Meeting on Cosmic Rays, 1979.
  42. New Limits on Small-Scale Angular Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, Astrophysical Journal, 235, 681, 1980.
  43. (with G. Lake*) Search for Ionized Gas in Clusters of Galaxies, Astrophysical Journal, 237, 378, 1980.
  44. (with H. M. Martin* and R. T. Rood) Interferometric Limits on Very Small Scale Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, Astrophysical Journal Letters, 240, L79, 1980.
  45. Observational Cosmology:  Recent Progress and Remaining Problems, Problema del Cosmo, p. 127, Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome, 1982.
  46. The Evolution of Structure in the Universe, in Cosmology and Particles, XVI Rencontre de Moriond, J. Audouze et al. eds., Editions Frontières, Dreux, France, 1981.
  47. (with G. Smoot et al.) Low-Frequency Measurement of the Spectrum of the Cosmic Background Radiation, Physical Review Letters, 51,  No. 12, 1099, 1983.
  48. Structure of the Universe and Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, in Origins and Evolution of Galaxies, p. 121, B. J. T. Jones and J. E. Jones, eds., D. Reidel, 1983.
  49. (with J. Cannon* et al.) Automated Measurement of the Temperature of the Atmosphere at 3.2 cm., Physical Review, D, 29,  2683, 1984.
  50. (with J. E. Knoke,* M. I. Ratner and I. I. Shapiro) Limits on Arcsecond-Scale Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, Astrophysical Journal, 284,  479, 1984.
  51. (with G. Sironi et al.) Spectrum of the Cosmic Background Radiation, in Eleventh Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, ed. D. S. Evans, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 422, 383 (1984).
  52. (with N. Mandolesi et al.) Spectrum of the Cosmic Background Radiation, in Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Large Structures in the Universe, ed. J. Audouze and J. Tran Thanh Van, p. 109, Reidel Co., Dordrecht, Holland (1984).
  53. (with G. Smoot et al.) Low-Frequency Measurements of the Cosmic Background Radiation Spectrum, Astrophysical Journal (Letters), 291, L23, 1985.
  54. (with N. Mandolesi et al.) Large Scale Homogeneity of the Universe (Abstract), Nature, 319, 751, 1986.
  55. (with S. Radford et al.) A Search for the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect at l = 3 mm, Astrophysical Journal, 300, 159, 1986.
  56. Very Small Scale Anisotropies of the Microwave Background, in Inner Space/Outer Space, Kolb and Turner, eds., Univ. Chicago Press, 1986.
  57. The Cosmic Microwave Background Twenty Years after its Discovery, The Cosmic Background Radiation and Fundamental Physics, 1, Italian Physical Society, 1986.
  58. (with G. Sironi et al.) A Redetermination of the Spectrum of the Cosmic Background Radiation from 12 to 0.33 cm,  ibid, 7, 1986.
  59. The Cosmic Microwave Background at its 20th Anniversary, in Proceedings of the 12th Texas Symposium, Jerusalem  (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 470, 36, 1986.
  60. (with K. Hilldrup and M. Ratner) Radio Source Counts at 6 cm to 0.1 Millijansky, Astrophysical Journal, 308, 46, 1986.
  61. (with others) Gravitation, Cosmology and Cosmic-Ray Physics, part of the series, Physics through the 1990's, National Academy Press, 1986.
  62. The Angular Distribution of the Cosmic Background Radiation, Highlights of Astronomy J.-P. Swings, ed., Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrech, Holland, 1986.
  63. Boundaries and Voices-A View from the Trenches, Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 1, 29, 1986.
  64. The Cosmic Microwave Background, in Observational Cosmology, IAU Symposium 124, A. Hewitt et al., eds., Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1987.
  65. The 3K Cosmic Background Radiation and Galaxy Formation—an Introduction for Physicists, in Proceedings of the Seventh Workshop on Grand Unification, J. Arafune, ed., World Scientific Publ. Co., Singapore, 1987.
  66. (with R. A. Perley, N. Mandolesi and F. Delpino) VLA Limits on the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect in Abell 2218, Astrophysical Journal, 317, 112, 1987.
  67. (with R. H. Donnelly* and R. A. Windhorst) Radio Source Counts and Spectral Index Studies down to 0.1 Millijansky, Astrophysical Journal, 321, 94, 1987.
  68. (with L. Bassani, M. J. Coe, N. Mandolesi and L. Spinoglio) On the Identification of IRAS Deep Field Sources:  The Radio Counterparts, in European Space Agency Symposium on Millimeter Wave Astronomy, Segovia, Spain, 1987.
  69. Observations of the Microwave Background, p. 173 in Theory and Observational Limits in Cosmology, ed. W. R. Stoeger, Specola Vaticana, Vatican, 1987.
  70. H0 from the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect; A Way--Perhaps--to Measure Proper  Motions; Observational Constraints on "Small Universes," ibid, p. 379, 383 and 487, 1987.
  71. Search for Intergalactic Light in Clusters of Galaxies, ibid, p. 463, 1987.
  72. (with M. J. Coe, L. Bassani and L. Spinoglio) 1652+395—A New IRAS-selected Seyfert Galaxy, IRAS Conference, London, 1987.
  73. La Formazione delle Galassie, Nuovo Secondaria,  15 March 1988, p. 19.
  74. (with H. M. Martin*) A Search for Small Scale Structure in the Background  Radiation at 6 cm, Astrophysical Journal, 324, 794, 1988.
  75. The Angular Distribution of the Cosmic Background Radiation, Reports on Progress in Physics, 51, 647, 1988.
  76. (with J. Nowakowski and H. M. Martin) Linear Polarized Fluctuations in the  Cosmic Microwave Background, Nature, 311, 146, 1988.
  77. Report on the NSF Disciplinary Workshops on Undergraduate Education (Physics; with others), 1989.
  78. The Cosmic Background Radiation:  What We Learn from the Observational Results, Especially the Null Results, in Proceedings of the 20th Yamada Conference, ed. S. Hayakawa and K. Sato, Universal Academic Press, Tokyo, 1989.
  79. The Imprint of Large Scale Structure on the Cosmic Background Radiation in Large-Scale Structure and Motions in the Universe, ed. G. Giuricin et al., Kluwer Academic Publ., 1988.
  80. The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and the Dog in the Night, in Third ESO/CERN Symposium, Astronomy, Cosmology and Fundamental  Physics, ed. M. Caffo et al., Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Netherlands 1988.
  81. (with O. Lahav) Contributions to the Microwave Background Dipole from Galaxies, and Constraints on the Anisotropy of the Far-infrared Background, Monthly Notices Roy. Astr. Soc., 235, 1 p., 1988.
  82. (with L. Danese) Atmospheric Emission Models:  Confrontation between Observational Data and Predictions in the 2.5 to 300 GHz Frequency Range, Ap. J., 342, 604, 1989.
  83. (with R. Sheth*) High Sensitivity Continuum Observations at the 12-Meter Telescope, one in a series of 12-m Memos maintained by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1989.
  84. (with C. Hogan) New Limits on Microwave Background Anisotropy at Small Angular Scales, Ap. J. (Letters), 341, L29, 1989.
  85. (with Bassani and others) A New Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxy:  IRAS 1652+395, Ap. J., 344, 726, 1989.
  86. (with A. L. Kiplinger and M. A. Bershady*) A Search for Intergalactic Light in Clusters of Galaxies, preprint, 1989.
  87. (with S. P. Boughn) The Microwave Background Radiation in Encyclopedia of Astronomy, 1989.
  88. Searches at Short Wavelengths for Small-Scale Anisotropies in the 3 K and Submillimeter Backgrounds, in Particle Astrophysics:  Forefront Experimental Issues, ed. E. B. Norman, World Scientific Publ. Co., Singapore, 1989.
  89. Concluding Remarks—Observations, in The Cosmic Microwave Background 25 Years Later, ed. N. Mandolesi and N. Vittorio, Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Holland, 1990.
  90. The Cosmic Microwave Background:  The Present Status of the Observations and Implications for General Relativity, in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation, ed. N. Ashby, D. E. Bartlett and W. Wyss, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1990.
  91. Extragalactic Backgrounds:  Common Features and New Work on Intracluster Light, in IAU Symposium 139, The Galactic and Extragalactic Background Radiation, ed. S. Bowyer and C. Leinert, Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Holland, 1990.
  92. Cosmological Parameters Derived from the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, in The Quest for the Fundamental Constants in Cosmology, ed., J. Audouze and J. Tran Thanh Van, Editions Frontières, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1990.
  93. The Spectrum of the Cosmic Blackbody Radiation from Bell Labs to COBE, Scienze e Tecnica, 1990.
  94. (with P. Hartnett*) Interaction of Clusters and Protoclusters with the Microwave Background, in Superclusters and Clusters of Galaxies and Environmental Effects, ed. G. Giuricin, F. Mardirossian, M. Mezgetti, Sesto Pusteria Workshop, 1990.
  95. The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Highlights in Astronomy, I.A.U. General Assembly 20, 1990.
  96. (with E. B. Fomalont, J. D. Lowenthal and R. A. Windhorst) Fine-Scale Microwave Fluctuations at l = 3.6 cm, in After the First Three Minutes, ed. S. Holt et al., American Inst. of Physics, New York, 1990.
  97. (with S. Cortiglioni, G. Giovannini, N. Mandolesi, G. Morigi, G. Ventura and S. Boughn) A Balloon-Borne Experiment for Observations of the Near-Infrared Cosmological Background, Nuovo Cimento C13, 529, 1990.
  98. Recent Observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background and Their Implications for Cosmology, in Cosmology and Large-Scale Structure in the Universe, ed. R. de Carvalho, Kluwer Acad. Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1992.
  99. Perspective:  The Seeds of Cosmic Structure, Science, 257, 178, 1992.
  100. Sub-Arcminute Fluctuations, in Highlights in Astronomy, 9, ed. J. Bergeron, Kluwer Acad. Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1993.
  101. (with E. B. Fomalont, J. D. Lowenthal and R. A. Windhorst) Limits to Cosmic Background Fluctuations at 8.44 GHz between Angular Scales 10² to 200², Ap. J., 404, 8, 1993.
  102. (with R. A. Windhorst, E. B. Fomalont and J. D. Lowenthal) Micro-Jansky Source Counts and Spectral Indices at 8.44 GHz, Ap. J., 405, 498, 1993.
  103. Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Properties of Starforming Galaxies in First Light in the Universe, eds. B. Rocca-Volmerange et al., Editions Frontières, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1993.
  104. (with R. A. Windhorst, E. B. Fomalont and J. D. Lowenthal) Limits to the 8.4 GHz Nano-Jansky Source Counts and Arcmin Scale CBR Fluctuations, in the Milano International Symposium on "Observational Cosmology," ed. G. Chincarini, A. Iovino, T. Maccacaro, and D. Maccagni, ASP Conf. Ser. Vol. 51 (Provo, UT:  BookCrafters, Inc.), 1993.
  105. The Small Scale Anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation:  Primary and Secondary Fluctuations, in Second Course, Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics, eds. N. Sanchez and A. Zichichi, World Scientific, Singapore, 1993.
  106. The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and Cosmology, in Experimental Gravitation, eds. M. Karim and A. Qadir, Inst. of Physics Publ., Bristol, 1994.
  107. IAU Reports on Astronomy (Commission 47:  Cosmology), Kluwer Acad. Press, Dordrecht, 1994.
  108. Secondary Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, in Extragalactic Background Radiation, eds. D. Calzetti, M. Livio and P. Madau, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1994.
  109. (with R. A. Windhorst and others) Identification of Faint Radio Sources with Optically Luminous Interacting Disk Galaxies, Nature, 375, 471, 1995.
  110. Fine-Scale Structure in the Microwave Sky, Astrophys. Letters & Commun., 32, 319, 1995.
  111. Concluding Remarks, ibid, 355, 1995.
  112. Particle Physics at meV Levels, in Non-Accelerator Particle Physics, R. Cowsik, ed., World Scientific Publ. Co., Singapore, 1995.
  113. Small-Scale Fluctuations in the Microwave Sky, in Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics:  The Early Universe, N. Sanchez and A. Zichichi, eds., Kluwer Academic Publ. Co., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1995.
  114. (with T. Crawford,* J. Marr and M. A. Strauss) VLA Observations of Ultraluminous IRAS Galaxies:  Active Nuclei or Starbursts? Ap. J., 460, 225, 1996.
  115. Fluctuations in the Microwave Sky, in IAU Symposium 168:  Examining the Big Bang, M. Kafatos and Y. Kondo, eds., Kluwer Academic Publ. Co., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1996.
  116. (with T. Crawford,* J. Marr and M. A. Strauss) What Powers Ultraluminous IRAS Galaxies? in IAU Symposium 175:  Extragalactic Radio Sources, R. Ekers, C. Fonti and L. Padrielli, eds., Kluwer Academic Publ. Co., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1996.
  117. (with E. B. Fomalont et al.) Radio Emission from Objects in the Hubble Deep Field, Ap. J. (Letters), 475, L5, 1997.
  118. (with E. A. Richards, E. B. Fomalont, K. I. Kellermann and R. A. Windhorst) Detection of a Small-scale Cosmic Microwave Background Decrement at 3.6 cm, A.  J., 113, 1475, 1997.
  119. Simple Systems:  Atomic Hydrogen and the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Physica Scripta, T70, 48, 1997.
  120. Sub-Arcminute Anisotropies in the CMBR; Including a Possible S-Z Signal from a z = 2.56 Cluster,, 1997.
  121. (with Richards, Fomalont, Kellermann and Windhorst) Small-Scale Cosmic Microwave Background Observations at 8.4 GHz, Ap. J., 483, 38, 1997.
  122. Review of P. C. W. Davies' About Time, American Scientist, May-June, 1997.
  123. An Introduction to CBR Studies—Spectrum, Degree Scale Fluctuations and Interferometry, in The Cosmic Background Radiation, eds. C. H. Lineweaver et al., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1997.
  124. An Introduction to the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, in From Quantum Fluctuations to Cosmic Structures (eds. D. Valls-Gabaud, M. A. Hendry, P. Molaro and K. Chamcham), ASP Conference Series, Vol. 126, 1997.
  125. (with Thomas Crawford,* Jon Marr and Michael Strauss) Spectacular Star Formation, Astro. Letters and Communications, 36, 295, 1997.
  126. (with N. Mandolesi and others) “Balloon Observations of the Diffuse Near-IR Sky Emission,” ASP Conf. Series 124:  Diffuse IR Radiation and the IRTS, Okuda, Matsumato and Roellig, eds., Astron. Soc. of the Pacific, 1997.
  127. (with N. Mandolesi and others) Balloon-borne measurements of the atmospheric emission at 94 GHz, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 60, 71, 1998.
  128. (with J. M. Eppley*) Statistical Search for Ghost Images in the NVSS, Bulletin Amer. Astron. Soc., 29, 1350, 1998.
  129. (with N. Mandolesi and others) Observations of the Diffuse Near-IR Sky Emission with a Balloon-Borne Infrared Telescope, Astron. and Astrophys., 331, 463, 1998.
  130. (with D. B. Haarsma) Radio Wavelength Constraints on the Sources of the DIRBE Far Infrared Background, Ap. J. (Letters), 503, L5, 1998.
  131. (with E. A. Richards and others) The Radio Properties of Galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field, AJ, 116, 1039, 1998.
  132. Current Status of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, in IAU Symposium 183, ed. K. Sato, 1999.
  133. (with Gianfranco De Zotti and others) The Planck Surveyor mission:  astrophysical prospects, EC-TMR Conference, eds. L. Maiani, F. Melchiorri, and N. Vittorio, 1999.
  134. (with I. Waddington and others) NICMOS Imaging of the Dusty MicroJansky Radio Source VLA J123642 + 621331 at z = 4.424, Ap J. (Letters)  526, L77, 1999.
  135. (with E. A. Richards and others) Optically Faint MicroJansky Radio Sources, Ap J. (Letters)  526, L73, 1999.
  136. Future Ground-Based Radio and Submillimeter Observations, in The Hy-Redshift Universe, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 193, eds. A. J. Bunker and W. J. M. van Breugel, 1999.
  137. (with E. J. Guerra and D. B. Haarsma) Flux Measurements at 20 GHz of FIRST/GB6 Inverted Spectrum Sources, Bull. A.A.S., 194, 1102, 1999.
  138. Status of CMBR and Related Observations, Astro. Letters and Communications, 37, 281, 2000.
  139. The Universe as a Laboratory for Gravity, Classical and Quantum Gravity, 17, 2411, 2000.
  140. (with J. M. Eppley*) Absence of Ghost Images Excludes Large Values of the Cosmological Constant, Ap. J., 538, 489, 2000.s
  141. (with D. B. Haarsma and others) Faint Radio Sources and Star Formation History, Ap. J., 544, 641, 2000.
  142. Cheap, Easy and Instructive Labs, in Cosmos in the Classroom 2000, A. Fraknoi, ed., PASP, San Francisco, 2000.
  143. Why We Know Pulsars are Rotating Neutron Stars, 2000, ibid, 2000.
  144. (with D. B. Seaton*) Possible Radio Afterglow of a 1989 Gamma-Ray Burst, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific, 113, 6, 2001.
  145. (with V. Dubrovich) "Line and Continuum Emission from High Redshift Objects and Proto-Objects," Astro. and Astrophys. Transactions, 19, 233, 2001.
  146. The Hot Big Bang: Physics and Cosmology, in Proceedings of Marcel Grossman IX, World Scientific Publ. Co., Singapore, 2002.
  147. (with E. B. Fomalont, K. I. Kellermann, E. A. Richards and R. A. Windhorst) The MicroJansky Sky at 8.4 GHz, AJ., 123, 2402, 2002., 2002.
  148. (with John Percy, Andrew Fraknoi and George Greenstein) An Ancient Universe, ASP Teachers’ Newsletter 56,, 2002.
  149. (with Priscilla Benson) the OTHER Keck Observatories, in The Future of Small Telescopes, ed. T. Oswalt, Kluwer Acad. Publishing Co., Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003.
  150. Cosmology Becomes a Science, in Frontiers of Astrophysics, S. K. Chakrabarti, ed., Indian Journal of Physics, Kolkata, India, 2003.
  151. (with Juan Cabanela) So What IS the Astronomy Major? Astronomy Education Review (, vol. 1, 2003.
  152. (with George Greenstein) Goals for "Astro 101": Report on Workshops for Department Leaders, Astronomy Education Review (, vol 2, 2003.
  153. (with others) Implementing [NASA's] Education/Public Outreach Strategy: A Critical Evaluation, NASA publication, 2003.
  154. (with J. E. Cabanela and E. J. Guerra) Radio/Optical Studies of Extreme BPS and Rising Spectrum Sources, Bull. A.A.S. 35, 724, 2003.
  155. (with Fomalong, E. B., et al.) The Radio/Optical Catalog of the SSA13 Field, submitted to Astrophysical Journal, 2004.
  156. Review of B. Ryden's Introduction to Cosmology for Physics Today, _____, ___, 2004.


  1. 3 K: The Cosmic Microwave Background, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

  2. (with other members of the Survey Committee) Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium, National Academy Press, 2001.

* Undergraduate coauthors.


Updated: 5/12/04