Novel Patterns and Chaotic Dynamics of Surface Waves


Collaborators: Jerry Gollub, Arshad Kudrolli, Mathew Abraham

Former collaborators: T. Besson, B. Pier, S. Edwards


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Topics:

Onset patterns

Secondary instabilities

Two frequency forcing

Stadium modes

Introduction and onset patterns

 

Many different types of ordered and disordered standing wave patterns are formed at the surface of a vertically oscillating layer of fluid. We have been investigating both the ordered patterns formed near the onset of the surface wave instability, and the disordered patterns formed at somewhat higher excitation amplitude. The phenomena depend on the viscosity of the fluid, the excitation frequency, and the excitation amplitude. Examples of hexagonal, square, and striped patterns are shown below (at viscosity about 50 times that of water). The container is 32 cm in diameter, and the silicone oil is 3 mm deep. The unusually large diameter and high attainable acceleration reveal novel phenomena.

 

Examples of hexagons, squares and stripes formed at the onset of instability

Grey scale images are obtained using a CCD camera and a frame grabber. The coloring is artificial to enhance the images. Lighter shades correspond to large amplitudes and darker shades to small amplitudes.


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Last modified on 11/19/96.