Ms. Coll. 1175
- JOINT COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE TWO NEW YORK YEARLY MEETINGS
- FRIENDS INTERNATIONAL PEACE ASSOCIATION
- JOINT PEACE COMMITTEE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS
- COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS
- PEACE ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS IN AMERICA
PEACE (Boxes 68-71)
Under this heading are folders of papers of the following:
JOINT COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE TWO NEW YORK YEARLY MEETINGS
FRIENDS INTERNATIONAL PEACE ASSOCIATION
JOINT PEACE COMMITTEE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS
COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS
PEACE ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS IN AMERICA
Background: Wood has all of the papers of the above named committees (and variations on the above) filed together under "PEACE," frequently, there is more than one organization represented in a folder. In order to make the files easier to understand, a chronology of the committees, based on evidence in the papers themselves, follows:
- The JOINT COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE TWO NEW YORK YEARLY MEETINGS, of which Wood was Secretary, asked the various Yearly Meetings to appoint delegates/committees to come to a Peace Conference of all branches of the Society of Friends to be held July 15-16, 1910, sponsored by the JOINT COMMITTEE.
- One of the results of the Peace Conference is the formation of the FRIENDS INTERNATIONAL PEACE ASSOCIATION "representing the 21 Yearly Meetings and Associations of all branches of the Religious Society of Friends" [July 16, 1910]. Wood is Secretary of FIPA.
- At the Jan. 6, 1911 meeting of the "Executive Committee of the Friends International Peace Association" it is decided that in future work they will be know as the "Executive Committee of the COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE ASSOCIATED YEARLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS" and that further discussion on the name will take place at the 1912 conference.
- The above named committee is also referred to in letters of 1911 as the "JOINT PEACE COMMITTEE" [context of letter identifies it as either the Joint Committee on Peace of the Associated Yearly Meetings or the Joint Committee on Peace of the two New York Yearly Meetings].
- [Oct. 31, 1911] Wood is "Secretary of the Executive Committee on Peace appointed at the Conference of all branches of Friends," held July 1910.
- August 9, 1912, name appears as COMMITTEE ON PEACE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS [memo "A meeting of the representatives of the Committee on Peace of the Associated American Yearly Meetings"]
- Aug. 12, 1912 letter of Wood to members of the Executive Committee "notice of the meeting of the representatives of the JOINT PEACE COMMITTEE OF THE ASSOCIATED AMERICAN YEARLY MEETINGS."
- In Nov. 1912, Wood is elected to the Executive Committee of the PEACE ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS IN AMERICA, which is the Peace Board of the Five Years Meeting. A letter of Nov. 25, 1912, states that the Peace Association of Friends in America and the Joint Committee on Peace are two separate organizations and how can they best co-operate?
- After 1912, most of the papers relate to Wood's involvement with the Peace Association of Friends in America.
I. PEACE - Joint Committee on Peace of the two New York Yearly Meetings - Correspondence, etc., 1908-1913. [4 folders in Box 68]
Notes on contents: primarily letters, also minutes from Friends' Meetings, Friends pocket almanac (used for addresses of Yearly Meetings), petitions, printed items, misc. undated items.
Correspondence (1908-1909) is chiefly letters to Wood from clerks of various Yearly Meetings (includes foreign Meetings) responding to Joint Epistle of the two New York Yearly Meetings (sent out over Haviland's and Wood's signatures) that all Yearly Meetings appoint special peace committees and attend a Peace Conference; proposal for a Joint Peace Committee of the Yearly Meetings; responses to proposed Joint Committee meeting, Jan. 28, 1910; correspondence re: Yearly Meetings appointing delegates/committees to attend a Peace Conference of all branches of Friends, July 15-16, 1910 in NYC, sponsored by the Joint Committee on Peace of the two New York Yearly Meetings, etc.
Correspondents include H. Lavinia Bailey, A. Morris Carey, William Cooper, Henry M. Haviland, Mary M. Hobbs, Jesse H. Holmes, Augustus T. Murray, Timothy Nicholson, Arthur Perry, Robert E. Pretlow, Alfred G. Scattergood, Henry H. Swift, J. Barnard Walton and many others.
- Correspondence, 1908.
- Correspondence, 1909.
- Correspondence, 1910.
- "Samples of petitions, samples of literature," ca. 1908-1913; also misc. undated items.
II. PEACE - "Lists" ca. 1909-1910. [1 folder in Box 68]
Notes on contents: typed and handwritten lists of names of those on peace committees, list of chairmen of committees, members of executive committee, Yearly Meetings replying to invitation of New York Yearly Meetings, etc.
III. PEACE - Friends International Peace Association - "Copy Resolution and request, President's reply" July 1910. [1 folder: 3 items in Box 68]
Notes on contents: copy of resolutions, copy of letter sent to President regarding resolutions of Friends Peace Conference [July 1910] and request that a Friend be appointed to proposed Peace Commission; reply from President's Secretary.
IV. PEACE - [Joint?] Committee on Peace of the Associated Yearly Meetings of Friends - "Executive Committee correspondence," 1910-1911. [1 folder in Box 68]
Notes on contents: letters, lists of names and form letter.
Topics include protest against fortification of Panama Canal. Includes letters to Wood as Secretary of "Friends International Peace Association." Correspondents include Sarah C. Fox, William I. Hull, Arthur Perry, Jonathan K. Taylor, Benjamin F. Trueblood and others, including U.S. legislators.
V. PEACE - [Joint?] Committee on Peace of the Associated Yearly Meetings of Friends - "Answers of Committee," correspondence, 1911. [1 folder in Box 68]
Notes on contents: letters.
Chiefly letters [of members of Executive Committee] to Wood responding to his letter calling for a meeting of representatives of all churches to plan action for peace and to influence the Senate to approve the arbitration treaties.
VI. PEACE - Joint Peace Committee of the Associated American Yearly Meetings - Correspondence, 1911-1912. [2 folders in Box 69]
Notes on contents: letters, petition [from California Friends], brochures, printed items, clippings, printed "Directory of members of New York Monthly Meeting ... (1912)." Includes papers of Friends International Peace Association, Joint Committee on Peace of the two New York Yearly Meetings.
Issues discussed include protest against fortification of Panama Canal (1911), promoting ratification of arbitration treaties with Great Britain (1911); correspondence of Wood with various representatives of the Committee on Peace of the Associated American Yearly Meetings re: planning for Conference on Peace to be held in connection with the Chautauqua Conference of Friends at Chautauqua, N.Y., Aug. 29, 1912; corresp. with other Peace groups; corresp. re: lining up speakers for Chautauqua conference; history of Friends Peace Association of Philadelphia (from Yarnall); Wood elected to Executive Committee of Peace Association of Friends in America (Oct. 1912).
Correspondents include Martha H. Bell, Arabella Carter, Henry M. Haviland, Allen D. Hole, Hilda P. Holmes, William I. Hull, Augustus T. Murray, Timothy Nicholson, Arthur Perry, Henry H. Swift, Jonathan K. Taylor, Anna Braithwaite Thomas, Stanley R. Yarnall (Pennsylvania Arbitration and Peace Society) and many others. Includes letters (May 1911) to James Woods from various U.S. Senators.
- Correspondence, 1911.
- Correspondence, 1912.
VII. PEACE - Joint Committee on Peace of the Associated American Yearly Meetings - "Correspondence regarding Conference," 1912. [1 folder in Box 69]
Notes on contents: letters, clipping.
Chiefly response to Wood letter of August 12, 1912, to members of the Executive Committee, calling for conference at Chautauqua, N.Y. (Joint Committee on Peace of all the Yearly Meetings). Some responses with suggestions to Wood's subjects for discussion. Correspondents include Arabella Carter, Elmer D. Gildersleeve, John F. Hauson [?], Jesse H. Holmes, William I. Hull, Arthur Perry, Robert E. Pretlow, Henry H. Swift and others.
VIII. PEACE - "Minutes of Conference and Executive Committee" 1910-1912. [1 folder in Box 69]
Notes on contents: primarily typed copies of minutes, resolutions; also brochure for Friends General Conference at Chautauqua, N.Y., 1912; copies of circular letters sent by Wood as Secretary; notice, program and minutes (typed and Wood's handwritten notes) of Friends Peace Conference and Executive Committee of same (1910), etc.
IX. PEACE - Peace Association of Friends in America - Correspondence, 1913-1922. [6 folders in Boxes 69-70]
Notes on contents: primarily letters, minutes, clippings, drafts of Peace advertisement "A message from the Society of Friends (Quakers) in America" from Friends National Peace Committee, drafts of articles (including Allen D. Hole's article "Conscientious objectors and alternative service"), typed and handwritten draft of Wood's article for Oct. 1914 issue of Messenger of Peace "What is Peace," copy of petition, printed items, poetry, 50 pfennige note of city of Gotha honoring Quaker relief work, other papers. Includes some Joint Peace Committee papers.
Topics include conscription, Panama Canal, U.S. conflict with Mexico, proposal to combine Peace Association of Friends into other Boards of the Five Years Meeting, conscientious objectors and alternative service, writing and publishing Peace advertisement, publication of "Messenger of Peace," London Conference of All Friends (1920), correspondence 1920-21 discusses planning a Disarmament Conference in Baltimore.
Includes correspondence with other Peace groups [3.25.1914 letterhead of "Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America - Commission on Peace and Arbitration" lists James Woods and Wood as members], letters from various U.S. Senators and Congressmen.
Correspondents include A. Morris Carey, Arthur M. Dewees [Friends Washington Peace Conference, Wood on Committee], Allen D. Hole, Hilda P. Holmes, Anna Braithwaite Thomas [Emergency Committee for the Assistance of Germans, Austrians, and Hungarians in Distress], J. Barnard Walton and many others. Also includes a few letters of Gilbert Bowles, Henry J. Cadbury, Arabella Carter, John B. Garrett, Rufus M. Jones.
Folders 1-2 (Box 69), folders 3-6 (Box 70).
- Correspondence, 1913.
- Correspondence, 1914.
- Correspondence, 1915.
- Correspondence, 1916.
- Correspondence, 1917.
- Correspondence, 1918-1922.
X. PEACE - Peace Association of Friends in America - "Winona Lake Conference, 1915." [1 folder in Box 71]
Notes on contents: letters (April 22-July 20, 1915), also printed programs, booklets and other items.
Topics include planning for "6th Annual Summer Conference for Young Friends, July 26 - Aug. 1 - National Peace Conference for Young Friends, July 23-26" [at Winona Lake, Indiana, 1st conference was held July 1910; from booklet - Henry J. Cadbury Secy., also Thomas E. Jones, George A. Walton, Wood involved]. Correspondents include Henry J. Cadbury, Allen D. Hole, Thomas E. Jones and others.
XI. PEACE - Peace Association of Friends in America - "Church Peace Association," 1915-1916. [1 folder: 7 items in Box 71]
Notes on contents: letters, minutes, position statements.
Concerns the work of the Commission on Peace and Arbitration of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America.
XII. PEACE - Peace Association of Friends in America - "Correspondence, 1916 re: The Survey and Mexican Scholarships." [1 folder in Box 71]
Notes on contents: ca. 11 letters.
Letters discuss situation between Mexico and U.S., Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Peace Committee developing scholarships for Mexican students to come to U.S. colleges, educational help for Mexico. Correspondents include Paul U. Kellog at The Survey who is interested in response of Quaker colleges (includes letters from Haverford, Whittier and Earlham).
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