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Haverford College
Quaker and Special Collections

Taylor Family Papers, 1846-1929

Ms. Coll.1179
3 boxes

Table of contents

Biographical background

Elihu Burritt (1810-1879) was an American crusader for peace and a code of international law; he was not a Friend. (from Encyclopedia Britannica)

Francis Richards Taylor (1884-1947) was a lawyer and minister in Cheltenham Monthly Meeting (from The Friend, vol. 120, 1947, p. 318)

George Washington Taylor (1803-1891) was born in Radnor, Pa., son of Jacob and Elizabeth Richards Taylor. He attended a school run by Enoch Lewis and taught at Westtown School, 1829-30, and at Lindley Murray Moore's School in Flushing, N.Y. He was an agent of the Friends Bible Association and publishing agent of the Friend. He worked in the cause of temperance. Taylor was a storekeeper in Philadelphia which sold free labor goods. He was publisher of the periodicalThe Non-Slaveholder and a peace paperThe Citizen of the World.

A convinced Friend, Taylor joined 12th St. (Philadelphia) Meeting. He m. 1 (1831) Elizabeth Sykes; m. 2 (1864) Ruth Leeds (d. 1881); m. 3 (1885) Elizabeth Burton. (from Dictionary of Quaker Biography and Taylor autobiography)

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Links to images

The following list brings together all of the image links found throughout this finding aid.

Scanned Image Page 1 of ALS of Elihu Burritt, Taylor's International Hotel, New York, 1856 Dec. 1. [has been lecturing on the "Emancipation scheme" in central New York; likes change of title from The Non Slaveholder to Wealth of Nations ; doesn't feel his writing in the Citizen has been effective and doesn't think he should have a leading part in the Free Labor Association as his name is suspect in the South] Page 2 | Page 3 (approx. 59K, 117K & 78K respectively)

Scanned Image Class of older students of the High Point Normal & Industrial School. The photograph is stamped "G.D. Hilyard 144 East 49th Street, New York". There is no date. (approx. 20K)

Scanned Image TLS of Anna Strong to Francis R. Taylor. 1916 Apr. 22. On "The Anti "Preparedness" committee letterhead. [oversight in that name of strong presidential peace candidate, Henry Ford, did not get placed on Penna. ballot] (approx. 98K)

Scanned Image Receipt for goods bought at Taylor's Free Labor Ware-House, 1866. (approx. 59K)

Summary of collection

Materials include: correspondence (Box 1), papers and photographs (Box 2), records (Box 3), and printed items. Principal authors in this collection are Elihu Burritt, Francis Richards Taylor and George Washington Taylor.

Correspondents in the correspondence series (1846-1929) include: Elihu Burritt, William E. Cadbury, William B. Harvey, George Hilyard, Francis Taylor, Allen C. Thomas, Carolena Wood and others. The primary topics are the work of Friends with African Americans and slavery.

The papers, mostly undated, include those of Francis R. Taylor. Taylor was heavily involved in the issues of Quakers and African Americans and peace and these topics are reflected in the papers. There are also some photographs of High Point Industrial School in High Point, N.C.

The George Washington Taylor papers, 1854-1875, and Free Produce Association records, 1845-1851, revolve around Taylor's work for free produce labor.

Printed, listed materials have been removed from the collection to other locations and relate heavily to the issues of African Americans, slavery and peace.

Related collections

There seems to be no connection with Haverford's Taylor Collection, #962.

Arrangement and description of collection

Box 1 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3

Correspondence
Elihu Burritt (1810-1879) to George Washington Taylor (1803-1891), 1846-1876. 4 folders.

Primarily letters of Burritt to Taylor, occasionally G.W. Taylor appends notes to Burritt's letters. The letters, highlighted below, discuss their common interest in the Free Labor Produce Association whose purpose was to grow and provide such goods as cotton, sugar, rice and coffee both in the United States and abroad using free, not slave, labor and other anti-slavery and peace concerns. Burritt presents these ideas to spread the word and to raise funds in meeting with the Anti-Slavery Society and others in England and elsewhere. He refers to Taylor's newspaper Non-Slaveholder for the spread of information. Burritt established a peace & antislavery publication, begun in 1855, Burritt's Citizen of the World, edited by Burritt and published by Taylor, and there is considerable reference in his letters to it. Upon returning to the U.S., Burritt lectured extensively on emancipation.

Burritt, Elihu to George Washington Taylor. 1846-1876. Includes:

  • Exeter, Eng., 1846 Sept. 29. [free produce and slavery issues; wants to introduce League of Universal Brotherhood, pledged to abolish war, in England, France and America in which Joseph Sturge joins] In 1884, George W. Taylor noted on this letter [the admirable, but difficult, work of Burritt. Some Friends saw this cause as moving Friends away from common religious union]
  • London, 1854 Oct. 20. [re increasing number of subscribers and other issues relating to Non-Slaveholder]
  • London, 1854 Nov. 6. [re "planting" some Free Labor colonies in the slave-holding states]
  • London, 1854 Nov. 28. Attached is plan written by George Washington Taylor for offering premiums for free labor cotton and advertising plan
  • London, 1854 Dec. 13. attached is letter of William Taber to George Taylor. New Bedford, 1846 June 1. [notes hostility of some members of PYM towards those of NEYM; would be glad to do whatever G.T. wishes in relation to the Non Slaveholder]
  • London, 1855 Jan 11 [refers to new publication, Burritt's Citizen of the World]
  • Newport, Monmouthshire, [Eng.] 1855 Feb. 16. [Burritt states he is not a Unitarian, but a member of an Orthodox church]
  • London, 1855 July 27. [refers to successful operation of Taylor's mill which means that he will be able to manufacture nearly all articles needed without imports from England]
  • Scanned Image Page 1 of ALS of Elihu Burritt, Taylor's International Hotel, New York, 1856 Dec. 1. [has been lecturing on the "Emancipation scheme" in central New York; likes change of title from The Non Slaveholder to Wealth of Nations ; doesn't feel his writing in the Citizen has been effective and doesn't think he should have a leading part in the Free Labor Association as his name is suspect in the South] Page 2 | Page 3 (approx. 59K, 117K & 78K respectively)
  • Sandusky, Ohio, 1857 Feb. 26. [feels Citizen should cease publication because of ineffectiveness]
  • New Britain, Conn. 1857 Sept. 19. [at their (antislavery) convention in Cleveland, notes presence of various people, the organization of a "National Compensation Emancipation Society" to which he was elected Gov. Secretary, whose duties include petitioning Congress]
  • London, Canada West, 1861 Apr. 4. [wonders whether Taylor's voice is for peace or war with the disruption of the Union, or as he, Burritt, believes that forbearance "will win(?) secession quicker than coercion" -- best to allow South to separate, emancipate in the border states and wait till South tires of slavery; in great debt]
  • New Britain, Conn., 1872 Apr. 17. [has given many public addresses on the subject of the Washington Treaty and the peace cause generally]
  • New Britain, Conn., 1876 Oct. 11. [considers his work on old concerns done, though interest continues; after a severe hemorrhage has put out "several handbooks in the oriental languages, wrote article for newspapers on peace & other subjects" and more; Convention of Ministers to meet possibly in Phila.]

Cadbury-Moon letters. 1 folder.

Cadbury, William E.

  • to Henry Scattergood. Philadelphia, 1906 12/13.
    [submits information on work they do for African Americans in Germantown Union Colored Mission and The Penn School Club for Colored Boys) to be submitted to Five Years Meeting]

Harvey, William B.

  • to Francis R. Taylor. Philadelphia, 1920 4/26.
    [re Friends and Slavery materials]

Hilyard, George D.

  • to Allen Jay. 1907 4/13.
    [sends account (included) of New York Friends' work for African Americans]

Hobbs, Mary Mendenhall

  • to William B. Harvey. 1920 4/24.
    [re work of Friends against slavery for book]

Hussey, Timothy B.

  • to Allen Jay. Maine, 1907 4/4.
    [NEYM aid rendered Freedmen; encloses account of aid]

Kelsey, Rayner W.

  • to Francis Taylor. Haverford, Pa., 1914 11/16.
    [suggests Taylor lay aside his law practice and devote himself to his subject (Friends and slavery)]

Moon, Samuel C.

Taylor, Francis Richards (1884-1947). 1 folder.
Correspondence and other documents of F.R. Taylor

  • on temperance and prohibition, including involvement of the Friends Temperance Association and the "Anti-Repeal" election of 1933. 1930s. Correspondents include Rayner Kelsey, John McSparran, O.B. Poulson, Allen C. Thomas.
  • Thomas, Allen C. to Francis Taylor. Haverford, Pa., 1910 6/22. [suggests Taylor take up work Thomas has begun on the relation of Friends and African Americans] Taylor agrees to consider.
  • Letter and documents re Haverford College. 1926-1929. Re donations to the college and offering honorary degree to Salmon Levinson.

Wood, Carolena M. 1 folder.
Correspondence 1907-1909

  • publication by Five Years Meeting on the work of Friends with African Americans. Correspondents include William J. Harrison and Stanley Yarnall
  • report of John Woody "North Carolina Yearly Meeting Contribution to the Elevation of the Negro." 6 items.

Box 2 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3

Francis R. Taylor (1884-1947) Papers. 5 folders.

There are two groups of papers. One relates to the issue of Quakers and African Americans. This group includes some photographs. Some of these papers are in manuscript form; most of these are unattributed. Some are probably in the hand of Francis Taylor, others may be in the hand of Allen Clapp Thomas (see Thomas' letter to Taylor, June 22, 1910 in this collection). The other group relates to peace issues.

Quakers and African Americans

  • "Auntie's Vision". 13 p. TS.
  • Census information. 1820 census of African Americans in Philadelphia, including slaves and Free persons. Census of the Philadelphia Alms House, 1848. With supplement
  • "Free Produce Movement". 4 p. Ms.
  • "Fugitive Slave Provisions". Unpaginated, Ms.
  • "The Institute for Colored Youth, Cheyney, Pa...." 6 p. TS. Annotations state that George S. Hutton was treasurer; Stanley Yarnall was secretary of the Board of Managers.
  • "Joseph Sturge Mission School" by Paul Maier. Philadelphia, 1907. 2 p. TS.
  • Miscellaneous notes and copies re Quakers and slavery.
  • Notes with cited sources, toward the compilation of the history of the work of Quakers for the benefit of African Americans. Topics include: "Fugitive Slaves", "Underground Railroad", "Quakers and the Negro".
  • Typescript copies of minutes: Women's Aid Association of Friends of Philadelphia, 1864 Mar. 19; Free Produce Association, 1840s and 1850s.
  • "Notes on work of Iowa Yearly Meeting for the Freedmen" by Alfred J. Houson. Pleasant Plain, Iowa, 1909. Unpaginated. Ms.
  • [Notes re slavery from Northern Meeting (PMMND?) records]. Ms.
  • [Notes re slavery from (Phila.?) Monthly Meeting records]. Ms. 1 folder
  • [Quakers and Slavery]. 110 p. in chapters. TS.
  • "Quakers and the Negro. Unpaginated. Ms.
  • "Quakers and the Negro". 22 p. TS.

Records of Western Yearly Meeting of Friends, Henricks County, Indiana.
1850s-1870s. 79 p. TS copies

  • Relate to Friends work with African Americans

Photographs of High Point Industrial School, High Point N.C. [n.d.], 16 items.
Annotation on the back of each photograph and some stamped: "G.D. Hilyard"; photos were contained in envelope imprinted "Francis R. Taylor".

  • Depict members of the faculty, students, physical plant, exhibits of blacksmithing and carpentry (including buildings) produced, fieldwork.
  • Scanned Image Class of older students of the High Point Normal & Industrial School. The photograph is stamped "G.D. Hilyard 144 East 49th Street, New York". There is no date. (approx. 20K)

Box 3 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3

Peace. 1 folder.

London Peace Conference, 1920.

Correspondence, manuscript and duplicated materials, 1917-1920. (in chronological order).

In 1917, Isaac Sharpless, was requested (possibly by Peace Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting) to form a commission to report at a peace conference in London at the close of the war on the position of Friends in regard to war and specifically the implication of the testimony in national life and international relations. He wrote to Francis R. Taylor, among others, requesting that they serve as delegates to the conference. Taylor agreed.

The correspondence folder includes letters of Isaac Sharpless, L. Hollingsworth Wood and Henry J. Cadbury and the League to Enforce Peace, headed by its president, William H. Taft (no Taft signatures), to Francis R. Taylor who became a League speaker.

The manuscript and typescript materials relating to the conference include a compilation of papers written for the conference with a note in the hand of Isaac Sharpless requesting they be read critically. The duplicated materials were prepared for Philadelphia delegates to London Peace Conference.

Washington Peace Committee.

  • Materials include: letters and telegrams urging action on the "preparedness" (for war) issue, 1916 & n.d.

Dewees, Arthur M.

  • to Francis R. Taylor. Friends Washington Peace Headquarters, 1916 April 15.
  • [Friends' role in acquainting Congress with the ideals of international brotherhood and good will and opposition to the "preparedness peril"; Congress' consideration of the Chamberlain bill] +
  • Scanned Image TLS of Anna Strong to Francis R. Taylor. 1916 Apr. 22. On "The Anti "Preparedness" committee letterhead. [oversight in that name of strong presidential peace candidate, Henry Ford, did not get placed on Penna. ballot] (approx. 98K)

Francis R. Taylor

  • to Henry W. Watson. 1916 March 25.
    [Taylor objects to Watson's speech in Congress on American rights, not American obligations]. Watson responded referring to the discussion of the Hay Army bill.

Wood, L.H.

  • to Francis R. Taylor. 1916.

George Washington Taylor (1803-1891) Papers, 1854-1875 and Free Produce Association Records, 1845-1851. 1 folder.
George Washington Taylor papers include:

  • Scanned Image Receipt for goods bought at Taylor's Free Labor Ware-House, 1866. (approx. 59K)
  • ms. list of names of subscribers to Free Produce Friends (1 p.)
  • printed materials, some annotation, including: premiums for free labor cotton
  • leaves from printer E. Harris on slavery
  • The Slave., Jan. 1854 (Eng.)
  • poem by A.B.J. "Free Maryland", 1864 Nov. 1
  • a manuscript/printed invitation, 1875, to George W. Taylor to attend the 100th anniversary celebration of establishment of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery signed by William Still.

Free Produce Association Records, 1845 (bulk) - 1851:

Letters, By-laws, reports, minutes.

Letters (in alphabetical order) are from anonymous in Belfast, John Holyland, William Jay, Henry Lawrence, Samuel Rhoads, John Scoble, William Shotwell, Thomas? & Bowen, Walter Wheelen, and James Wright. They are primarily directed to Abraham L. Pennock and Samuel Rhoads and deal, in the main, with the issue of where to obtain needed free labor goods.

Other materials include: George Washington Taylor's 1851 manuscript report to the managers of the Philadelphia Free Produce Association of Friends "Report of visit to the West Indies in the 11th & 12th months, 1850" [re obtaining free sugar and molasses]

Manuscript committee reports, by-laws, minutes of a meeting of the board of managers of the Free Produce Association, 9 mo 20, 1845 (members of the board include: George Washington Taylor, Samuel Alsop, Enoch Lewis, Abraham Pennock, Edward Garrett, Samuel Rhoads, Elihu Pickering, Israel Johnson, Thomas Wistar Jr.)

Miscellaneous. 1 folder.

  • pencil drawing of golf in the Poconos
  • paper notebook entitled "Expenses of Ann Bradford". 1840s
  • 2 Haverford College Athletic Association certificates of Hubert Richie Taylor, 1935-1936

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Contact Diana Franzusoff Peterson (dfpeters@haverford.edu or 610-896-1284) for more information about this collection. Please include the manuscript collection number in your request.

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