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Haverford College
Quaker and Special Collections

Hoag Indian Papers 1865-1883

Ms. Coll. 1034
3 boxes (ca. 668 items)

Table of contents

Biographical background

Enoch Hoag (1812-1884) was the son of Stephen and Martha Hoag. He was engaged in the mercantile business until 1854 when he moved to Iowa and worked as a farmer. He was active in abolition work and aided Freedmen's education. In 1869 he was chosen by President Grant to serve as Superintendent of the Central Superintendency [all of Kansas and the Indian Territory] under Grant's Peace Policy which gave supervision of this area to Orthodox Friends [Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs]. Under Hoag's jurisdiction were Indian Agents (all Friends), who, like Hoag, were paid by the Government. Tribes under the care of Friends included the Kickapoo, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Kansas, Osage, Quapaw, Sac and Fox, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Wichita, Kiowa, Comanche and Apache. Hoag was headquartered at Lawrence, Kansas. While there he settled tribes in the Indian Territory, built schools, introduced a system for distributing supplies to the Indians, kept peace between the Indians and whites, etc. He resigned his position in 1876 and was succeeded by Dr. William Nicholson. In 1879 the Associated Committee withdrew from Government sponsored work. [Source for above: see Dictionary of Quaker Biography, Haverford College Library, Haverford PA, Kelsey's Friends and the Indians ,1917]

Using links

In order to aid navigation within this finding aid, links have been provided at the beginning of each box description: to the table of contents, collection summary and to all other boxes in the collection .

Links to images

The following list brings together all of the image links found throughout this finding aid.

Scanned Image SD, Wichita Agency, I.T., Nov. 26, 1877, signed statement re: Jonathan Richards' tenure at Agency (approximately 117K).

Scanned Image "We the undersigned children of Delaware Indians" acknowledge the receipt of their annuity, Lightening Creek, Indian Territory, Dec. 12th, 1874 (approximately 78K).

Summary of collection

Correspondence, financial papers and account book. Almost all of this collection concerns the finances of the Central Superintendency and the settling of various accounts with Washington, D.C. The papers also touch on the work of Indian agents, the transportation of tribes to the reserves, the progress and politics of getting Indian legislation through Congress, troubles at various Indian Agencies, etc.

Related collections

These papers are related to the Enoch Hoag Letterbooks, 1870-1878, Ms. Coll. 1104 and the Jonathan Richards papers, Ms. Coll. 964. See also the records of the Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs, Ms. Coll. 1003 and Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee records as other sources for Friends' work with Indians.

Arrangement and description of collection

Arrangement of papers:

Box 1:

Letters, Misc.
9 folders

Note: most of these letters are related to financial matters [vouchers, receipts, etc.]. [Edward F.] Hoag wrote notes on the back of some letters to indicate content, these notes appear below and are in quotes. Most handwritten copies of letters and documents are in the hand of Edward F. Hoag, who served as a clerk to his father.

Letters are addressed to Enoch Hoag unless noted.

Contents of folders follows:

1. Letters, misc. A - B
(ca. 32 items)
correspondents include:

  • Adair, W.P. (William Penn)
    [4 ALS, 1 ms. copy] Wash., D.C., 5/28 - 11/15/1875
    notes on content: "his service for the Osages and the desire of the Indians for the retention of the Supt. [Gen. Babcock tells WPA that EH is all right with the President]; the attack by Gov. Osborne; treatment by Agent Gibson; enclosing copy of letter to President Grant regarding Osage murder case; suggesting the employment of General Shanks to represent Osages."
  • Armstrong, Lucy B.
    [ALS] Wyandot, Kansas, Feb. 24, 1873
    notes on content: she is a "Citizen-Wyandot" and needs money due her from gov't.
  • Arnold, J.
    [ALS] Baxter Springs, Kansas, 4/3/1875
    notes on content: "desires situation in Indian service"
  • Barnett, William
    [Affidavit] Feb. 12, 1869
    notes on content:- re: land sale to Ottawa University
  • Battey, Thomas C.
    DS, Kiowa and [ ] Agency, 6 mo. 20, 1877
    notes on content:- re: statement on price of potatoes
  • Beard, E.W.
    ALS, Ackworth, Iowa, 4 mo. 6, 1875 to E.C. Rich notes on content:re: Beard's school
  • Beck, Henry
    Address, Leominster, Herford, England, n.d. to Indians "scattered about in the Western part of America" notes on content:[religious in nature]
  • Beckarth, James
    ms. copy of ALS, Quincey, Ill., Dec. 16, 1875 to F.H. Tibbetts notes on content:re: weight of freight
  • Bernard, Helen
    ALS, Silver lake, Nov. 25, 1873
    notes on content:- asks payment due her and children be given to husband
  • Bernard, W.R.
    ALS, Kansas City, April 4, 1873
    notes on content:- re: sending supplies
  • Bettles, William
    ALS, Chicago, 7 mo. 1, 1873
    notes on content:re: "an Englishman wants to aid the Indians"
  • Bird, A.C.
    ms. copy of ALS, St. Louis, July 13, 1876
    notes on content:- re: business with the RR
  • Black, Ed. H. (Peoria Indian and translator)
    Peoria Reservation, Ind. Terr., Dec. 30, 1874
    notes on content:re: "a delegation going to Washington" [has doubts about legitimacy of action by Council of his tribe]
  • Bliss, J.A.
    ms. copy of ALS, Lawrence, Kansas, July 21, 1875
    [encloses letter (ms. copy of ALS) of John K. Rankin, Mayor of Lawrence]
    notes on content:- support for EH re: payment to guards when traveling with Indian payment money
  • Bonwill, Huldah H.
    ALS, Phila., 7 mo. 15, 1874
    notes on content:- re: finding suitable people to take charge of farm and school (she wants to be teacher)
  • Boone, A.G.
    2 ALS, Denver, Sept. 23 and Oct. 6, 1874
    notes on content: re: "the Smith boy's land in Denver" [William Gilpin Smith, he's a minor (son of John S. Smith) and there are attempts being made to take his land away from him]
  • Bourassa, Alexander
    ALS, Baxter Springs, Kansas, March 14, 1874
    notes on content:- re: money due to Indians and a Mr. Polk
  • Bourassa, Eslim[?]
    ALS, Kanka Kee, Ill., Dec. 31, 1873 to her mother
    notes on content: family and getting money from Agent
  • Brookmire & Rankin
    6 ALS, Aug. 17, 1870-April 26, 1871
    notes on content: supplies, groceries (sugar, bacon, tobacco)
  • Brown, E.J.
    ALS, We-Ne-Ka, Seminole Nation, Dec. 8, 1873
    notes on content: drawing Indian money
  • Buchan, W.J.
    2 ALS, Wyandotte, Kansas, March 15 and May 2, 1876 to Edward F. Hoag
    notes on content: settling past accounts (difficulty in?)

2. Letters, misc., C
ca. 26 items
correspondents include:

  • Cady, William F.
    ms. copy of ALS, Interior Dept., Wash. D.C., Sept. 14, 1870
    notes on content: publication of advertisements in newspapers for Indian supply proposals
  • Caldwell, A. (Pres. Kansas Manufacturing Co., wagon makers)
    ALS, Leavenworth, Kansas, Feb. 28, 1879 to John A. Anderson
    notes on content: EFH settling EH's accounts with Washington
  • Campbell
    ms. copy?, no place or date to Edward [F. Hoag?]
  • Campbell, James W.
    3 ALS, Carthage, Mo., April 10-June 27, 1876 to Enoch Hoag and Edward F. Hoag
    reluctant to sign vouchers "these are times of investigation"
    implies fraud notes on content: Buchan, calls A.C. Williams "a thief and a fraud"
  • Campbell, Robert
    2 ALS, St. Louis, Feb. 6,12, 1874
    notes on content: "returning Supts. bond for signature, etc.; returning bond properly signed"
  • Canfield, E.R. (Mrs.)
    ALS, Ogden, Kansas, Dec. 5, 1873
    needs her money, did not authorize L.R. Palmer to draw it
  • Carpenter, C.C.
    2 LS, Treasury Dept., Dec. 14, 1876 and June 2, 1877
    notes on content: "giving cause of delay in the settlement of the account"
  • Chase, A.J.
    ALS, Office for Osage and Kansas Indians, 11 mo. 9, 1874
    notes on content: "apprizing of a noted desperado at Coffeyville, etc."
  • Clayton, A.M.
    ALS, Chicago, 1 mo. 15, 1870
    notes on content: "desires employment in Indian service"
  • Clum, H.R.
    [Chief Clerk of Indian Commissioners]
    3 ALS and 1 ms. copy of ALS, Wash. D.C, Dec. 24, 1870-Feb. 26, 1883 to E.B. French (2nd Auditor)
    notes on content: authorization of expenses of trips of Cyrus Beede to Washington in 1870s; removal of Sac and Fox Indians to new reservation (1870); expense of EH's trip to Washington
  • Coffin, S.H. (wife of W.G. Coffin)
    ALS, Leavenworth, 3 mo. 10, 1875
    notes on content: "on account Jennie Whitfield" [JW's pregnancy to be kept quiet, child to be adopted and then JW will go back to work as teacher of Indians]
  • Coffin, W.G.
    3 ALS, Leavenworth, 3 mo. 16,17, 1875 and 12/20/1877
    notes on content: "Gov. Osborne attack for the removal of the Supt." [pregnancy of JW; implication of Kansas militia in attack on Osage (1875 ALS)]
  • Colton, G.A.
    ALS, Parla, Kansas, Nov. 16, 1874
    notes on content: "desires to serve the Miamis and Peorias as their counsel"
  • Coon, Solomon
    ALS, Muskogee, Jan. 13, 1874
    wishes to have his wife's money sent
  • Covington, J.A.
    2 ALS, Cheyenne Agency, Ind. Terr., 7 mo. 19, 1871 and 10 mo 25, 1872 to Cyrus Beede (1871)
    notes on content: "recpt for provisions 2d qr. 1871" wants invoices, freight
  • Cowen, B.R.
    ms. copy, Interior Dept., Aug. 13, 1875 to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
    notes on content: granting leave of absence to Hoag
  • Crowell, G.A.
    ALS, [Penn] Ind., Dec. 29, 1875
    notes on content: drafts for money

3. Letters, misc. D
ca. 24 items
correspondents include:

  • Darling, L.R.
    2 ALS, Topeka and Cold Spring, Ind. Terr., Jan. 6 and Feb. 14, 1874
    notes on content: money drawn for his wife and threatens suit
    Darlington, Brinton, 1804-1872 (Agent for Cheyenne and Arapho)
    8 ALS and 1 ms. copy, Camp Supply, I.T., 8 mo. 27, 1869 - 8 mo. 18, 1871
    notes on content: "report on [suitable] agency location; Indians [Cheyenne] discussing about war or peace, Little Robe, Moh-nim-ick & Big Horse have joined a tribe west [working for peace], they return; Dr. Fitzgerald's claim for medical services; explanatory letter of freight receipted for, etc."
    difficult and trying situation he's in, help and money-wise, thinks he should resign, gov't. won't support his actions re: physician and won't supply enough money for a good interpreter
  • Dawes, Sallie E.
    ALS, Wichita Agency, 1 mo. 13, 1876 to Hepsy Hoag
    notes on content: "Indian worker at Wichita Agency I.T."
    trip to Wichita Agency and Christmas celebration there
  • Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896
    [Secretary of the Interior Dept.]
    1 LS, 3 ALS and 2 ms. copies, Mt. Vernon and Wash. D.C., Nov. 13, 1871 - Jan. 26, 1880
    notes on content: "the extent of the Commission of Geo. Crowell to pay Indians; pay of W.A. Rankin; words upon retiring from the Office of Secy. of the Interior: the service rendered by Friends to the Peace Policy, etc.; traveling expenses of Cyrus Beede; his opinion of the value of the services of Cyrus Beede chief clerk while in Washington in the years 1873-4 and 5 to the Govt. [I] service"
  • Delano, James S.
    2 LS, Treas. Dept., Sept. 26, 1876 and Jan. 18, 1883
    notes on content: "states U.S. District Court for Kansas has rendered judgment in favor of Govt."
  • Denman, A.B.
    ALS Wash. D.C., May 4, 1874
    notes on content: "desires exclusive trade at Wichita Agency"
  • Downs, W.F.
    LS, [Union Pacific R.R.] Atchison, Kansas, Jan. 22, 1872
    notes on content: "enclosing annual free ticket"

4. Letters, misc. E - F
ca. 25 items
correspondents include:

  • Earle, Edward, d.1877
    7 ALS, Worcester [etc.], 1 mo. 7, 1871 - 9 mo. 15, 1876 [11/25/1872 to Cyrus Beede]
    notes on content: "alluding to trip through the Ind. Territory, return home, etc.; meeting of Ex. Com., doubtful about his being able to attend although recognizes much to be done, etc.; the opening of an aggressive policy on Indian Affairs; the opposition of the Kansas delegation against the Supt. etc. and their influence in Washington; companion for S. Pumphrey."
  • Early, John W.
    ALS, Baxter Springs, Kansas, March 7, 1874
    notes on content: Potawatomi Indians payment
  • Easton, D.F.
    ALS, St. [Mary's?], Jan. 8, 1876
    notes on content: receipts
  • Edge, Jonas
    ALS, Anadarka, Ind. Terr. [Wichita Agency], 1 mo. 17, 1876
    receipts for shipping goods
    Eldridge, Abner
    2 ALS, Muscatine, Iowa, 10 mo. 6, 1871 - 3 mo. 10, 1875
    news from there
  • Evans, J. Wistar
    ALS, Phila., 7 mo. 5, 1873
    extract from Assoc. Ex. Comm. meeting re: Osage murders and support of Agent Gibson and Supt. Hoag
  • Every, J.S.
    ALS, Lawrence, Kansas, Dec. 11, 1871
    notes on content: "notice of meeting of Ottawa Board of Trustees"
  • Fenton, E.
    ALS, [187?]
    notes on content: freight delivery
  • Fenton, E., et al.
    ALS?. Lawrence, Kansas, Jan. 26, 1876 to Commissioner on Indian Affairs, J.Q. Smith
    notes on content: "bidders on Ind. supplies, requests that contract be let at Lawrence in accordance with advertisement of the Supt."
  • Ferris, Robert M. (Secy. of Missionary Board of New York Yearly Meeting)
    ALS, New York, 12 mo. 21, 1874
    notes on content: "enquiring of whereabouts of Jennie Whitfield, a teacher sent to Wichita Agency and why she left the service " [see letters of Coffins]
  • Fisk, Clinton B.
    [General Fisk was Chairman of the Board of Indian Commissioners]
    ALS, New York, June 14, 1875
    notes on content: "reply to Gov. Osborne" [EH's response to Gov. Osborne]
  • Fitzgerald, [J.A.]
    2 ALS, Camp Supply, I.T., Oct. 12, 1869 to Brinton Darlington and Fort Lapham, I.T., Sept. 10, 1876 to Enoch Hoag
    notes on content: his payment for services
  • Fookes, T.
    3 ALS, Kansas City, Mo. [Kansas Pacific RR], July 22, 1875 to A.C. Bird, H.H. Courtwright, J.A. Hill
    notes on content: settling old accounts with Washington
  • Frere, Franklin
    ALS, Rossville, Kansas, July 5, 1875
    notes on content: drawing payment, wants his money

5. Letters, misc. G - H
ca. 38 items
correspondents include:

  • Galpin, Samuel A.
    [chief clerk to John Q. Smith, Indian Commissioner 1875-1877]
    3 LS, Interior Dept., Aug. 31-Sept. 7, 1876
    notes on content: "traveling ex. of Supt. to Washington; leave of absence equivalent to authority for same"
  • Garrett, John B.
    ALS, Phila., 12 mo. 30, 1872
    notes on content: letter of Jonathan Richards [re: Al[vor]d] and whether it should be published in newspaper
  • Garrett, Richard
    ALS, Wilder, Kansas, Feb. 18, 1875
    wants his land as his father is cheating him of it
  • Gibson, Isaac
    6 ALS, Osage Agency, I.T. [and Salem, Iowa], 8 mo. 14, 1874 - 1 mo. 16, 1878
    notes on content: settlement of estate, freight bills
  • [Gokey], Lewis
    ALS [by mark], "Chippewa and Muncie Reserve," Kansas, July 15, 1879
    notes on content: to estate of his brother Antoine and a land patent
  • Gorham, Charles T.
    4 ms. copies, Interior Dept., Aug. 24, 1876 [3 copies] and Aug. 28, 1876 to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • Haines, Rebecca G.
    ALS, Phila., 9 mo. 8, 1874
    notes on content: "Wyandotte Mission character of workers, etc."
  • Harley, J.M.
    ALS, Chickasaw Academy, Oct. 27, 1876 to Col. George D. James introducing EH
  • Haworth, J.M.
    3 ALS, ms. copy of ALS, Kiowa and Comanche Agency, I.T., 5 mo. 17, 1873 to 3 mo. 31, 1876 [12/7/1875 to Wm. Mathewson]
    notes on content: "received salt and bacon and wants invoice of former"
  • Hayes, J.A.
    LS, Interior Dept., March, 21, 1879
    enclosing copies of letters
  • Hayt, Ezra A., 1823-1902
    [Commissioner of Indian Affairs 1877-1880]
    LS, Interior Dept., March 24, 1879
    notes on content: "copy of letter cannot be furnished as it does not relate to accounts"
  • Haywood, R.C.
    ALS, Arkansas City, Kansas, Oct. 16, 1875
    notes on content: "reports to the Arkansas Traveller are unjust and do not reflect the sentiment of the community"
  • Herring, C.F.
    3 LS, Treasury Dept., Sept. 2-18, 1875 [9/18/1876 to John Hadley]
    notes on content: Hoag's accounts
  • Hoag, Joseph J.
    2 ALS, Sweetland, 3/4/1875 and 9/23/1876
    tells EH of condition of Indians in his region and Yearly Meeting doings re: Indians (1876)
  • Hoag, Paul
    3 ALS, Sandwich, 2 mo. 20, 7 mo. 3, 1874 and 4 mo 23, 1876 to "Dear brother"
    notes on content: business
  • Howard, W.H.
    ALS, Wichita Agency, I.T., July 26, 1873?
    notes on content: claims of Caddo Indians against Osage Indians
  • Howland, Edward W.
    ALS, New Bedford, 7 mo. 12, 1874
    notes on content: "cannot attend meeting of the Committee at Lawrence on a/c of illness of his wife"
  • Huffaker, L.S.
    ALS, Council [Leone?], March 25, 1875
    notes on content: "desires money for Shamleffer"
  • Hutchinson, C.C.
    2 ALS, Hutchinson, Kansas, May 5 and Dec. 2, 1874
    notes on content: sale of lot in Hutchinson; tax on Hutchinson lot

6. Letters, misc. J - M
ca. 43 items
correspondents include:

  • James, George W.
    ALS, "Agency Indians in Kas," 12 mo. 23, 1875 to M.[H.] Newlin
    EH wants receipts
  • Jones, H.W.
    3 ALS and doc. [copy?], Quapaw Indian Agency, I.T., Aug. 21 [to EFH] and 22, 1876, Aug. 27, 1877
    notes on content: "release of mortgage by heirs of Elizabeth Captain; does not wish to give official receipt for certain money with out further understanding as to how he is to a/c for same, etc."
  • Jones, Isaac (U.S. Interpreter)
    Scanned Image SD, Wichita Agency, I.T., Nov. 26, 1877, signed statement re: Jonathan Richards' tenure at Agency (approximately 117K).
  • Journeycake, Charles
    ALS, Coffeyville, Kansas, July 17, 1877
    enclosing $20
  • Juneau, N.M.
    ALS, North Tapeka, Dec. 26, 1873
    asking about money belonging to Nuk-Kahzh (member of the "Sectionizing Pottawatomies")
  • Kneeland, G.S.
    ALS, Plowboy, Kansas, May 11, 1874
    inquiring after money for an Indian woman's children
  • Lang, John D.
    ALS, Vasselboro, Maine, 3 mo. 6, 1875
    notes on content: "Indian workers being faithful to duty and remembering Thomas and Mary B. Pinkham and enquiring about them"
  • Larkin, Augustus C.
    SD, Franklin Co., Kansas, Feb. 12, 1869
    sworn statement re: conversation re: land [Ottawa Univ.?]
  • Linn, H.C.
    3 ALS, 1 ms. copy, Saint Mary's, Kansas, March 30, 1874 - June 10, 1876
    notes on content: allotment rolls and Margret Fregon
  • McGrew, Archie F.
    ALS, Silver Lake, Kansas, Jan. 3, 1874
    commanded to pay John Wilson, a citizen Potawatomi
  • McIntosh, Chilly
    3 SD [copies], Wichita Agency, Aug. 6, 1872
    notes on content: service of an Apache Chief "Paso or Dollar" and pay for same
  • Marshall, Rose
    ALS, Edwardsville, Kansas, Dec. 13, 1875
    authorizes payment of her annuity
  • Martin, H.W.
    ALS, Snow Hill, Kansas, Nov. 3, 1876
    notes on content: notes given while agent for Sac and Fox
  • Martin and Can [?]
    ALS, Topeka, Dec. 20, 1873
    notes on content: some Potawatomi Indians who were not paid
  • Mathewson, William
    3 ALS, Wichita, Dec. 14, 1875 - March 10, 1876 [two are to Cyrus Beede]
    notes on content: vouchers and freight
  • Merrit, J.S.
    Receipt, Topeka, Jan. 14, 1874
  • Mesone, T.W
    ALS, Rossville, Aug. 22, 1876 to EFH (accompanied affidavit)
  • Metsker, D.C.
    2 ALS, Topeka, March 2, and May 2, 1874
    notes on content: "Potawatomi Indians"
  • Miles, John D.
    4 ALS, Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, I.T., 6 mo. 12, 1872 - 4 mo. 19, 1876
    notes on content: "balance in his hands for late agent Darlington; death of Grey Beard and removal to near Baxter Springs "
  • Mitchell, George
    4 ALS and receipt, Baxter Springs, Kansas, April 8, 1871 - Sept. 1, 1877 [includes 3/25/1873 ALS to Cyrus Beede]
    notes on content: accounts
  • Moore, W.P.
    ALS, Chicago, May 9, 1876 to H.W. Mead
    requesting account information for EH
  • Morris, J.L.
    ALS, Como, Ind., 8/10/1876 to EFH
  • Morris, J.W. (U.S. Indian Agent)
    ms. copy of ALS, Potawatomi Indian Agency, 5 mo. 27, 1870 to E.S. Parker
    notes on content: justification for expenses and estimates thereof
  • Murphy, Thomas
    2 ALS, Atchison, Kansas, Nov. 25, 1872 and Aug. 7, 1877
    notes on content: worth of an old safe

7. Letters, misc. N - P
ca. 48 items
correspondents include:

  • Neal & Murphy
    ALS, Kansas City, March 16, 1872
    notes on content: receipts for freight
  • Neal, Moses
    ALS, Lawrence, Kansas, 3/17/1876
    notes on content: "states no cause exists for rumor of personal interest in their contract"
  • Negus, Israel
    ALS, Springdale, 7 mo. 12, 1878 to EFH
    attests to EH's honesty and encloses copy of letter from Treasury Dept. saying that there is an outstanding balance due the gov't. from EH of $33,785.33 [!!!!!]
  • Newlin, M.H.
    4 ALS, Potawatomi Agency, 12 mo. 2, 1873 - 3 mo. 31, 1876
    notes on content: payment to various Indians
  • Newson, Joseph
    2 ALS, Miami School house, Miami Reservation, I.T., 6/17 [to EH] and 7/1/1876 [to EFH]
    notes on content: receipts
  • Newton, Isaac
    ALS, Agri. Dept., 11 mo. 24, 1865
    notes on content: "in behalf of freed men, has delivered address of Iowa Y.M. to the President"
  • Nicholson, William
    4 ALS and 2 ms. copies [of ALS of Cyrus Beede to Brinton Darlington, 1871], Wash. D.C., 8/8/1871 to 7/21/1876 [1876 ms. copy of ALS to Geo. W. Smith]
    notes on content: "enclosing notice of the confirmation by the Senate of Enoch Hoag to be Supt. Indian Affairs for Central Superintendency; Indian affairs at the Capitol"
  • Palmer, L.R.
    ALS, St. Mary's, Kansas, July 17, 1874 to EFH
  • Paramore, Jessie I.
    SD, Franklin Co., Kansas, Jan. 10, 1870
    sworn statement re: Ottawa Univ.
  • Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895 [Indian Commissioner 1869-1871]
    4 ms. copies, Interior Dept., July 19, 1870 to May 25, 1871
    notes on content: purchasing and shipping goods; Sac and Fox financial matters
  • Parrott, J.B.
    ALS, Paola, Kansas, Jan. 26, 1876
  • Parvin [?], J.A.
    2 ALS, Muscatine, Iowa, July 5, 13, 1878 [to EFH 7/13]
    notes on content: letter from the Treasury Dept. re: EH's accounts [see Negus letter above]
  • Pennock, H.L.
    ALS, Kansas City, Aug. 7, 1877
    notes on content: [McCrouse]
  • Pickering, A.H.
    2 ALS, Chicago, 10/8 and 9, 1869
    notes on content: supplies
  • Pickering, John H.
    9 items [6 ALS, 3 SD], 12 mo. 14, 1869 to 6 mo. 26, 1876
    [includes ALS to John Hadley, 1874, 3 ALS to Edward Hoag, 1876]
    notes on content: mill, Kickapoo schoolhouse
  • Piper, James M.
    5 items [2 ALS to Enoch Hoag, 1 ALS of Hoag to Piper, 1 ms. copy of Piper to E.F. Hoag, 1 ALS of Piper to E.F. Hoag], Kansas City, Mo. [and other locations], 8/4/1877 to 3/22/1879
    notes on content: "shortage of bacon disallowed by the Govt." [1877], supplies and shipping same
  • Polk, John W.
    ALS, St. Mary's, Kansas, April 15, 1874
    notes on content: money paid to M tom ma
  • Polk, O.H.P.
    2 ALS, Kansas City, March 30 and April 3, 1874
    notes on content: money for M taw ma
  • Porter, Pleasant
    ALS, Okmulkee, I.T., July 3, 1878
    needs vouchers
  • Price, Moses
    2 ALS, Fort Gibson, April 2 and 3, 1875
    notes on content: certificates re: delegates

8. Letters, misc. R - S
ca. 36 items
correspondents include:

  • Rankin, John K.
    4 items [3 ALS, 1 ms. copy of doc.], Wash. D.C. and Lawrence, Kansas, 8/22/1876 to 6/5/1878
    sworn statement re: payment of extra help at P.O.
    safe at Sac and Fox Agency
    stock held by EH in Lawrence Savings Bank
  • Rankin, Wm. A.
    Legal doc., Douglas Co., Kansas, March 21, 1879
    notes on content: moving a saw mill
  • Rex, John
    ALS, St. Louis, Sept. 7, 1874
    notes on content: blankets
  • Richardville, T.F.
    ALS, Foutance, Kansas, Dec. 14, 1875 to J.P. [Hiner? Ibiner??]
    notes on content: addresses of Indians [heirs]
  • Ridenour, P.D.
    ALS, Lawrence, Kansas, Feb. 9, 1869 to C.C. Hutchinson
    notes on content: Ottawa University
  • Roberts, John M.
    ALS, Muscatine, Iowa, Oct. 23, 1870
    notes on content: farming
  • Ross, William P.
    3 ALS, Fort Gibson, April 2, 1875 [w/seal of Cherokee Nation]
    stating that WPR was Acting Principal Chief of Cherokee Nation when at General Council with the Indians of the Plains at Wichita Agency April 1871
  • Sargent, M.L.
    3 ALS, Topeka, Kansas, [Atchinson, Topeka & Santa Fe RR], May 2, 1871 to Aug. 20, 1875
    notes on content: supplies and freight
  • Seright, William W.
    ALS, Wichita Agency, I.T., June 21, 1874
    notes on content: "the renting of the farm"
  • Severs, F.B.
    ALS, Okmulkee, I.T., Dec. 30, 1875
    account of subsistence given Indians of the Plains
  • Shanks, J.P.C.
    2 ALS, [ ] and Portland, Ind., April 15, 1875 and Feb. 5, 1876 [includes ALS to Cyrus Beede, 1875 re: "Gov. Osborne, attack etc."]
  • Shepherd, A.
    ALS, Plattford [?], July 9, 1870 to "brother and sister"
    Smith, Edward P. [Edward Parmelee], 1827-1876 [Indian Commissioner 1873-1875]
    2 LS and 3 ms. copies of ALS, Interior Dept., Oct. 24, 1873 to Sept. 3, 1875 [includes ms. copy of letter to Treasury re: "purchasing supplies in the open market for immediate use"; 1874 ALS to Jonathan Richards re: "returning contract of J.A. Breckenridge disapproved and calling for a reduction of the number of employees"]
  • Smith, S.T.
    5 ALS, Kansas City, [Kansas Pacific and Denver Pacific RR], Nov. 29, 1871 to Aug. 17, 1875 [1875 ALS written at bottom of ALS of Enoch Hoag to him, includes 1871 ALS to Cyrus Beede]
    freight and supplies
  • Smith, S.W.
    3 ALS, Silver Lake, Kansas, July 17 to Aug. 25, 1874
    money wanted by Andy Smith (his son)
  • Smith, William G.
    ALS, Ackworth, Iowa, March 7, 1876
    notes on content: money to be sent to him
  • Standing, Alfred J.
    ALS, Yankton Agency, 7/31/1878 to E.F. Hoag

9. Letters, misc. T - Y
ca. 39 items
correspondents include:

  • Tatum, Lawrie
    2 ALS, Office Kiowa Agency, I.T., 10 mo. 21, 1871 and 3 mo. 18, 1872
    notes on content: "statement of Agent Tatum's wants"
  • Thorndike, Henry
    2 ALS, Wyandotte Mission, I.T., 8 mo. 19, 1875 and Muscatine, Iowa, 11 mo. 3, 1877
    notes on content: "asking for clothing for Indian children"
  • Times [of Leavenworth, Kansas]
    3 ALS [signed by var., including D.R. Anthony], Leavenworth, July 25, 1875 to April 28, 1876
    advertisements, vouchers
  • Trefren, M.D.
    ALS, Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 8, 1875
    notes on content: "Josephine Buck a Shawnee Indian"
  • Tuttle, A.C.
    3 ALS, 1 AL, Shawnee, Kansas [and other], 2 mo. 10, 1870 to 10 mo. 8, 1875 [includes ALS 1870 to A.C. Famham?]
    friendship for EH, need for help for the poor Indians, feels strongly about this
  • Upton, W.W.
    3 LS, Treasury Dept., July 25 to Dec. 4, 1878
    notes on content: "mere paper balances cannot be charged to new sureties; in final settlement the credits under one bond will be offset by the credits under another etc. any further evidence should be for'd to the auditor; states unless further evidence is furnished without unnecessary delay the auditor will be instructed to restate the account and legal action will be brought for balance due the U.S,"
  • Van Every, J.B.
    ALS, New York [Western Union], Sept. 9, 1874 to R.C. Clowry
  • Waldschmidt, A.
    ALS, Independence, Kansas, Nov. 13, 1876
  • Walker, Mary A.
    ALS, Wyandotte, Kansas, Aug. 4, 1875
    notes on content: "desires a loan on Lawrence property"
  • "Walsh-Kia"
    AL, St. Mary's, Kansas, March 5, 1874
    notes on content: getting money
  • Wann, Frederick A.
    2 ALS, Kansas City, Mo., May 18 and June 8, 1875 to Edward F. Hoag
    notes on content: vouchers
  • Watkins, J.N.
    ALS, Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 24, 1875 to W.P. Robinson
    notes on content: freight
  • Weber, Miriam C.
    ALS, South Durham, Maine, 3 mo. 11, 1870 to "Uncle Enoch"
  • Weld, W.H.
    2 ALS, Wenoka, I.T., Dec. 6, 1873 and Lawrence, Kansas, July 13, 1874
    notes on content: money entitled to
  • Wheeler, Willis
    ALS, Shawnee, Iowa, 8 mo. 3, 1876 to Levi Woodard, Sac & Fox Agency
    Indians won't sign bill for goods, don't think they have received all of them
  • Whetstone, John H.
    2 SD [affidavits], Franklin Co., Kansas, Feb. 15, 1869 and Jan. 10, 1870
    notes on content: Ottawa University land
  • Whittlesey, Eliphalet
    [General Whittlesey was Assistant Sec. to the Board of Indian Commissioners]
    ALS, Board of Indian Commissioners, Wash., Aug. 31, 1876
    notes on content: vouchers for traveling expenses
  • Widderfield, T.
    ALS, Osage Agency, 1 mo. 10, 1875
    encloses check for endorsement
  • Wiler, A.
    ALS, Lyndon, Nov. 6, 1876
  • Willemsen, Charles
    ALS, St. Louis, Aug. 5, 1875
    says he has no claim against EH for goods bought of CW
  • Williams, A.C.
    3 ALS, 1 LS, Lawrence, Kansas and Wichita Agency, I.T., 2/25/1876 to 8/16/1877 [2 ALS are to Edward F. Hoag]
    notes on content: boarding bill, vouchers, moving the Kickapoo Indians
  • Wilson, Jonathan
    ALS, Muscotah, 12 mo. 14, 1871
    will miss John D. Miles at their Meetings
  • Young, George L.
    ALS, North Topeka, Feb. 3, 1874
    notes on content: L.R. Darling's wife's money

Box 2 | Table of Contents | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3


11 folders

Note: letters are addressed to Enoch Hoag unless otherwise indicated.

Contents as follows:

  1. Atkinson, H.M.
    [Special Indian Commissioner]
    ca. 11 items [9 ALS, 1 ms. copy of letter and 1 petition]
    May 22, 1873 to June 25, 1877 from Washington, D.C.; Brownville, Nebraska; Lawrence, Kansas and other
    topics include:
    • Kickapoo Indians [moving them from Mexico to I.T.]
    • financial matters
    • petition from the Kickapoos requesting to know whereabouts of "Mr. Atkinson the Agent who moved us from Mexico here [I.T.]"
  2. Beede, Cyrus
    ca. 36 items [ALS, ms. copies, photocopies, letterpress copies]
    1 mo. 11, 1873 to 7 mo. 5, 1879 from St. Louis, Washington, D.C., Lawrence, Kansas and elsewhere [includes ALS to Andrew C. Williams from CB, 11/8/1873; ALS to A.C. Farnham from CB, 1/8/1875; 2 ALS to Edward F. Hoag from CB, 6/21/1875, 8/18/1876; ALS to F.F. Oakes from CB, 7/19/1875]
    topics include:
    • his trips to Washington, D.C. in letters of 1/15/1873 to 2/10/1873; 12/14/1873 to 5/9/1874 and 1/14/1875 to 2/11/1875 which discuss various meetings with officials [H.R. Clum, Senator Harlan, and others] and of committees, monitoring Indian legislation, reference to investigation of Jonathan Richards' agency, etc.
    • "at Lower Agencies in Ind. Terry." re: murders committed by young Indians, 6/2/1873
    • "regarding purchase of supplies for south western agencies" 6/8/1873
    • an escalating quarrel between Arapaho Indians, 5/26/1874
    • New England Yearly Meeting, 6/12 and 6/21/1875
    • "regarding liability to savings bank creditors": 7/5/1879
    • financial matters
  3. French, E.B.
    [Auditor in the Treasury Dept.]
    ca. 22 items [LS]
    May 15, 1874 to May 10, 1879 [includes LS to Joel H. Morris, 12/10/1874; LS to John Hadley, 11/19/1875; LS to Edward F. Hoag, 3/10/1876]
    topics include:
    • financial matters [note: some of these letters may have accompanied some of the accounts in box 3]
  4. Hadley, John
    ca. 58 items [8 ALS, 50 financial related mss. (some copies): receipts, accounts, bills, certificates, etc.]
    letters [9 mo. 15, 1873 to 9 mo. 1, 1876] are addressed to Edward F. Hoag and discuss financial matters [E.F. Hoag is to settle Hadley's accounts with Washington for him]
    financial papers re: Hadley's accounts while at the Sac and Fox Agency
  5. Hoag, Edward F.
    ca. 30 items [ALS, letterpress copies of ALS, ms. copies, financial papers]
    n.d., 2/2/1875 to 2/17/1883
    letters are addressed to: Enoch Hoag, his mother, sister and other family members; J.N. Watkins; Fred. A. Wann; James W. Campbell; W.J. Buchan; Andrew C. Williams; B.H. Miles; Albert Wiley; Samuel S. Fawcett; John A. Harlan; Dr. J.A. Rhoads; J.D. Ferrill
    topics include:
    • financial matters [attempts to settle some problem accounts with Washington]
  6. Hoag, Enoch
    ca. 79 items [ALS, LS, ms. and letterpress copies of letters, contracts, signed affirmations, broadside, financial papers]
    topics include:
    • primarily financial [attempts to settle accounts with Washington]
    • his resignation as Superintendent [letterpress copy, 11/9/1875]
  7. Rhoads, James E.
    ca. 20 items [11 ALS and photocopies of 9 of them]
    4 mo. 22, 1874 to 3 mo. 5, 1879, Quapaw Agency and Germantown, Phila., Pa. [includes 1879 ALS to Edward F. Hoag]
    letters discuss:
    • "introducing A.B. Mecham and approves of permitting him to travel with two Modocs in the interest of the tribe" 1874
    • "forwarding copy of minutes of Executive Committee accepting resignation, etc." 1875
    • "regarding action of Washington Com. on resignation" 1875
    • "regarding Stanley Pumphrey" 1876
    • "regarding companion for S. Pumphrey also referring to Mattie's company with pleasure" 1876
    • "comes to Cincinnati Comm[itee] Meeting" 1876
    • "regarding resignation" 1875
    • friendship, Mattie at school of Tuttle's [addressed to Edward F. Hoag, 1879]
  8. Richards, Jonathan, ca. 1812-1882
    [Agent for the Wichitas and affiliated bands from 1870-1876]
    ca. 18 items [17 ALS, ms. document]
    2 mo. 13, 1871 to 12 mo. 3, 1879 from Wichita Agency, I.T. and Pennsylvania Hospital, Phila.
    letters are chiefly addressed to Edward F. Hoag and relate to the settlement of Richards accounts with Washington
    [Note: for additional Richards material, see ms. coll. 964 Jonathan Richards papers, 1870-1881
  9. Smith, John Q. [John Quincy], 1824-1901
    [Indian Commissioner 1875-1877]
    ca. 9 items [LS, ms. copies of letters]
    Dec. 13, 1875 to Nov. 29, 1876 [includes SL, May 22, 1876 to John Hadley; copy of SL to Wm. Nicholson, No. 29, 1876]
    letters are chiefly addressed to Enoch Hoag and are financial in nature
  10. Wistar, Thomas
    3 ALS, Fox Chase [Phila.], 8/21/1874, 3/13/1875 and Washington, D.C., 10/7/1874 to Enoch Hoag
    topics include:
    • going to see the President on account of the military
    • regarding agents reporting through the Supt. and solution to present Indian troubles
    • failings of [Quaker] Indian agents
  11. Woodard, Levi
    [agent at the Sac and Fox Agency]
    ca. 7 items [5 ALS and LS, 2 vouchers]
    3 mo. 10, 1876 to 12 mo. 11, 1876 [includes letters to: Wm.. Nicholson, 3/22/1876; Edward F. Hoag, 6/29 and 12/11/1766]
    letters are financial in nature and relate to building of schoolhouse for Kickapoo Indians, etc.

Box 3 | Table of Contents | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3

Financial and legal papers, account book

9 folders

  1. 1869-1874
    6 items
    These are statements of accounts of Enoch Hoag, inscribed on covers as either "Remarks made in the Second Auditor's Office on the cash accounts of Enoch Hoag..." or "Second Auditor's Office, Statement of differences arising in the settlement of accounts of Enoch Hoag..." for different time periods.
  2. 1869-1876
    8 items
    These are similar to above and are typically labeled "Supplemental answers and explanations to differences arising in the settlement of the accounts of Enoch Hoag.." or "Statement of differences arising on settlement of the Accounts of Enoch Hoag..." Also "Differences arising... accounts of John Hadley..." and "Exceptions of Board of Indian Commissioners [1873]"
  3. 1870-1874
    5 items
    These are "Remarks by Indian Office" [includes exceptions to cash accounts, etc.] and "Remarks made in the Office of Comm. of Indian Affairs, cash accounts of John Hadley...", "Reply to remarks made in the office of the Comm. of Indian Affairs on the cash accounts of Enoch Hoag..."
  4. 1874-1876
    19 items
    These include:
    a filled-in report form titled "Quarterly return of public property pertaining to the Wichita Agency, Indian Territory for the 1st Quarter, 1876, by Jonathan Richards Indian Agent. ...."
    14 filled-in "Abstract of disbursements made by Enoch Hoag Supt. Indian Affairs in the Quarter ending 31st 3rd month, 1874, for _________"; numbered 1-14, the last blank for the type of expense covered in the abstract. These are filled-in as follows: Central Superintendency, Transportation, Kiowa and Comanche Agency, Upper Arkansas Agency, Potawatomi Agency, Miamis and Delawares, Sac & Fox Agency, Great and Little Osages, Kansas Agency, Quapaw Agency, Wichita Agency, Kickapoo Agency, General Council I.T., Citizen Potawatomi
    also "Explanation sheet to accompany account current...", "Account current.." and "Property account..."
  5. 1870-1874
    18 items
    These are similar to items in folder 4, except they are for 1870-1871 [2 items] and the 2nd quarter, 1873 [16 items]. Type of expenses covered in the abstracts include: for 1870-1871 the Quapaw Agency, and for 1873 Wichitas and affiliated bands and Agency, Account Current, Property account, Central Superintendency, Kiowa and Comanche Agency, Upper Arkansas Agency, Potawatomi Agency, Miamis and Delawares, Sac and Fox Agency and Chippewa and Munsee Indians, Great and Little Osage Indians, Quapaw Special Agency and Tribes composing it, Kansas Agency and Indians, Wichita and affiliated bands and Agency, Kickapoo, Kickapoo Agency and Indians, General Council I.T.
  6. 1873-1876
    2 items:
    "Received at Lawrence, Kansas, 1876, of Enoch Hoag, Supt. Indian Affairs the following Patents, certificates of allotment etc. etc." lists names of grantees, etc. for Ottawa Trust Lands, as well as other Indian groups. 10 p., holograph ms.
    "Index to Citizen Pottawatomie Pay Roll payment of 1873"
    names arranged alphabetically, ca. 82 p., holograph ms.
  7. 1870-1877
    ca. 29 items [documents, ms. copies of documents]
    Folder contains misc. legal papers: accounts, probate court documents, powers of attorney, letters of guardianship, petitions; also ms. copy of "Declaration of parties in the Quapaw Agency of adoption of Discipline of Society of Friends."[1877]
    Scanned Image "We the undersigned children of Delaware Indians" acknowledge the receipt of their annuity, Lightening Creek, Indian Territory, Dec. 12th, 1874 (approximately 78K).
  8. 1872-1879
    ca. 20 items [documents, ms. copies of documents]
    Folder contains misc. legal papers: accounts, petitions, letters of guardianship [for Indian minors], receipts.
  9. Account Book, 1869-1875
    Ledger, "Central Superintendency, Lawrence, Kansas" inscribed on flyleaf
    chiefly accounts with the various agents, also accounts of Kiowa and Comanche mills and accounts with Indian Nations

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