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Haverford College
Quaker and Special Collections

Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs 1758-1929

Ms. Coll. 1003
ca. 2,400 items (8 boxes)

Table of contents

Biographical background

The Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs originated in 1869 in answer to President Grant's Peace Policy, officially giving management of the Indians in the Central Superintendency (Kansas and the Indian Territory) to the Orthodox branch of the Society of Friends. The election of President Hayes ended the essentially friendly relationship between the Quakers and the administration as it became evident that some officials distrusted the work and integrity of Friends. As a result, Friends withdrew from government sponsored work in 1879 and directed their efforts towards missionary work and the establishment of Meetings among the Indians. Edward M. Wistar was chairman of the Committee from 1895-1919.

Using links

In order to aid navigation within this finding aid, links have been provided at the beginning of each box description: to the table of contents, collection summary and to all other boxes in the collection .

Links to images

The following list brings together all of the image links found throughout this finding aid.

Scanned Image "Statistical Report Friends' Indian Mission Work in Indian Territory for the Year Ending Fifth Month 31, 1894" (approximately 312K).

Scanned Image S.M. Brosius of the Indian Rights Association, to "Mr. Wistar", May 22, 1900, presenting a status report of various tribes; Iowas, Osage, Pueblo, Shoshones, Stockbridge, Munsee and Pima. (approximately 390K).

Scanned Image D. W. Lawrence to E. M. Wistar, August 1, 1905, concerning the opening of the Friends Ski-a-took School, the status of teachers and the physical plant. "...there are many [Indians] who feel too poor to send their children so far away to school." Page 1 | Page 2 (approximately 98K each).

Summary of collection

Letters, reports, articles, plans, maps, statistics, minutes, invoices, receipts, accounts and misc. material related to Friends and the Indians.

Bulk of the collection consists of records (1876-1929) of the Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs. These are primarily letters, reports and some misc. mss., chiefly addressed to the chairman of the committee, Edward M. Wistar; articles, plans, maps and statistics related to the committee's work; also biographical material on Thomas Wistar. Most of the material deals with the work of Friends in running mission stations in Oklahoma among the Iowa, Modoc, Kickapoo, Oto, Shawnee, Osage and other Indians. Letters from superintendents and missionaries in the field describe the difficulties and experiences of Friends in their work. There are also letters from the U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs and organizations concerned with the welfare of Native Americans (Home Missions Council, Indian Rights Association, Y.M.C.A.); also letters from Kansas Yearly Meeting and Five Years Meeting. Topics discussed include attempts to Christianize the Indians, improve living conditions, Indian education, Chilocco Indian School, use of peyote and alcohol, disease, Indian dances, conflicts with other religious denominations (in particular, Baptists), difficulties in finding suitable missionaries, protection of the Indians from schemes and abuses (in particular, Martin J. Bentley's attempts to defraud the Kickapoos). Correspondents include Samuel M. Brosius, Clark Brown, George N. Hartley, William P. Haworth, Allen Jay, William A. Jones, Rayner W. Kelsey, Rachel Kirk, Francis E. Leupp, John Nicholson, Walter Smedley, Matthew K. Sniffen, Jonathan M. Steere, Elizabeth Test, Robert G. Valentine, Herbert Welsh, Carolena M. Wood and others.

Also includes 2 folders (1758-1807) of letters, minutes, invoices, receipts, accounts and misc. papers dealing with Friends' earlier relations with the Indians. Includes minutes and letters (1758-1759) of the Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians by Pacific Measures related to Israel Pemberton's purchase of goods to accompany General Forbes; letters, accounts and misc. mss. (1791-1807) related to Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee's work with Indians at New Stockbridge and Oneida; accounts of money received from Friends for the Indians (1796-1797); letters and mss. related to education of Indian children in homes of Friends (1796-1797); letters to Delaware Nation, Cornplanter and other Seneca chiefs, Wyandot Indians and others; minutes of a meeting of the "Committee for the gradual civilization of the Indian natives" (1804).

Related collections

Additional material may be found in the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee records; Jonathan Richards Papers, 1870-1881; Enoch Hoag Letterbooks, 1870-1878; and Enoch Hoag Indian Papers, 1865-1883.

Arrangement and description of collection

Letters in boxes 2-7 are arranged chronologically, a list of correspondents is given for each folder (names have been listed alphabetically). Almost all of the letters are addressed to Edward M. Wistar, the few letters that are not are listed separately at the end of each folder description. A list of topics discussed in the letters is included as an aid to research, this list is not exhaustive and is intended as a guide to what may be found in each folder.

  • Box 1 - Misc. printed material; Letters, invoices, etc., 1758-1807; Thos. Wistar bio.; Plans, maps, statistics, etc., 1894-1916
  • Box 2 - Letters, 1892-1899
  • Box 3 - Letters, 1900-1904
  • Box 4 - Letters, 1905-1907
  • Box 5 - Letters, 1908-1910
  • Box 6 - Letters, 1911-1913
  • Box 7 - Letters, 1914-1927
  • Box 8 - Reports, 1894-1929

Box 1 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3 | Box 4 | Box 5 | Box 6 | Box 7 | Box 8

  • Misc. printed material (1 folder)
  • Letters, invoices, etc. 1758-1807 (2 folders)
  • Thomas Wistar biographical sketch (1 folder)
  • Plans, maps, statistics, etc. 1894-1917 (1 folder)

Folder 1 Printed material (misc.) 1894-1921

(ca. 18 items)

Arranged chronologically, includes:

  • "The Indian Service" by F.E.L. [Francis E. Leupp?], Evening Post article (1900) [reprint]
  • "Trachoma. Management and treatment among Indians." [ca. 1911]
  • "Rules of Procedure, Five Civilized Tribes." (in probate matters, 1914) House of Representatives, Doc. No. 758
  • "Indian Missions, progress and promise in Christian work among American Indians." (reprint from 15th annual report of Home Missions Council..., 1921) [2 copies]
  • "Wills." regulations governing the approval of wills of allotted Indians under the act of Congress approved June 25, 1910.
  • "To the Christian Indians and to the Christian Friends of the Indians of the United States" an open letter from conference in N.Y. City, 1911 of organizations working on behalf of Indians re: liquor, peyote, dances, marriage, tuberculosis, missionary work
  • Minute adopted by Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends ... [1911] - program from the official conference for the consideration of the relations of the New York Indians and the State and Federal governments (Syracuse, N.Y., 1919)
  • H.R. 16743 re: Quapaw Agency. 1909
  • Letter of Hon. Joseph H. Choate, relating to proposed legislation on the administration of Indian affairs, 1916
  • "The Alaska situation." 1914.
  • "The Indian Scout." vol. II, no. 7, March, 1916 (published by the United States Indian School, at Shawnee, Oklahoma)
  • "A statement." the Indian Aid Association of Friends of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting now confines its efforts to the support and management of the Indian School at Skiatook, Indian Territory. 1894 [2 copies]

Folder 2 Letters, invoices, etc. (1758-1807)

(ca. 30 items: ALS, ms. copies of letters, minutes of meetings, invoices, accounts related to Friends dealings with the Indians)

Arranged chronologically, includes:

  • misc. accounts re: goods for Indians?
  • "Message to the Indians at [Kuskuskie] sent from Easton by Pisquetomen and Hickman" re: trading stores set up in Shamokin and Mahoning, n.d.
  • ms. inscribed "Cherokee's message to the Mingoes, June 1758"
  • 1758 invoice of goods purchased by Israel Pemberton (to accompany General Forbes) to be used in an attempt to regain friendship with the Indians in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia [2 ms. copies]
  • 1758 Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians by Pacific Measures minutes and letters to Israel Pemberton (Dec. 1758 letter critical of IP's plan to dispose of goods not deemed necessary by General Forbes)
  • ALS to Israel Pemberton from Samuel Lightfoot, Jr., 12 mo. 16, 1758 re: Lightfoot's thoughts re: [concern for Indians?]
  • [ms. copy] of ALS to Governor Sharpe from Israel Pemberton, Dec. 16, 1758 re: General Forbes expedition
  • [ms. copy in hand of I.P.] letter to [Israel Pemberton] from I. Ridout, Dec. 20, 1758 re: reply from Gov. Sharpe
  • minute "At an occasional meeting of the trustees and treasurer of the Friendly Association [etc.] at Alexander Seaton's the 25th 12 month 1758. Present, William Callender, Jeremiah Warden, William Fisher, Richard Wistar, Thomas Say, Jacob Shoemaker Jr., Peter Worrall, Jacob Lewis, John Reynell, James Pemberton, Jos. Morris, Joseph Richardson, Owen Jones, and Abel James" re: the fate of goods not needed by General Forbes
  • minute "At a meeting at the house of Jacob Boehm in Conestoga township, Lancaster County the 26th, 12 mo., 1758. Present, Benjamin Hersey, John Johns, Jacob Boehm, [Wolle Rhodes], Benjamin Bowma, Henry Landis, John Shank, John Hare, Jacob Moyer, Michael Shank, John Stayman, Henry Hare, John Graft, Michael Grafft, Martin Boehm, Henry Shank, John Hare Senr., Jacob Graft" re: sending gifts to the Indians
  • 1759 letter of IP to trustees of the Friendly Association in answer to theirs of Dec. 1758
  • [ms. copy] letter to Samuel Lightfoot from G. Clark, 1 mo. 8, 1759 re: goods for the Indians
  • ALS to [Nicholas?] Waln from Samson Occum, New Stockbridge, Dec. 25, 1791
  • ALS to William Savery from Hendrick [Aupaumet], New Stockbridge, Dec. 23, 1795 re: situation there
  • invoice of goods for the Creek Indians (1796)
  • message from Cornplanter in reply to an offer from the Quakers to teach the Indians (1796)
  • "Some account of the proceedings of friends for the improvement of the Oneida, Stockbridge and Tuscorora Indians" re: Friends at Oneida, 1796
  • report of a committee for promoting the civil wellbeing and religious improvement of the Indian Native to the [] Yearly Meeting, 1796
  • ALS to "our Indian brethern of the Six Nations" from Henry Drinker, Thomas Harrison, John Elliott, Thomas Wistar, Joseph Sloan, John Biddle, 5 mo. 20, 1796 re: Friends coming to help the Indians
  • ALS to Thomas Wistar from Enoch Walker, Oneida, 7 mo., 16, 1796 re: work among Indians there
  • "A translated copy of a letter from Major Marconny to Wm. Savery, David Sands and Company" Berlin, Oct. 22, 1796
  • "Copy of a letter from Martha Routh to the Cherokee and Creek Nations of Indians" 12 mo. 21, 1796
  • accounts of money received from Friends for the Indians (1796-7)

Folder 3 Letters, invoices, etc., 1758-1807 and n.d.

(ca. 43 items: ALS, ms. copies of letters, receipts, minutes of meetings, accounts)

Arranged chronologically, includes:

  • memorandum of what the Tuscaroras say concerning the place they lived in, n.d. [never were paid for their land]
  • ms. copy of a letter to the Delaware nation of Indians, n.d.
  • ms. copy of letter to Cornplanter and other Seneca chiefs, n.d.
  • minute of a conference with the Creeks and other Indians, n.d.
  • draft of a letter to [] from the [committee] n.d.
  • ms. "copy of what was given to the Friends at Baltimore" re: meeting with Delaware Indians
  • [memo. of var. Indians under care of Baltimore Yearly Meeting and those worthy of notice from Philadelphia Y.M.]
  • [memo. of route to Genesegaughton]
  • list of Friends and their circumstances relative to taking Indian children [girls] into their households, also fragment of a proposal to take Indian girls into homes to teach them the "useful ways of the white people"
  • ms. draft [?] of a letter to "Brothers of the Tuscarora Nation" signed by Henry Drinker on behalf of himself and [lists names] re: treaty of 1744 with the Tuscaroras
  • receipts for Indian blankets, 1796; saddle bags, 1801
  • ms. copy of a letter to the Stockbridge Indians re: taking three of their daughters into Friends' homes to be taught until age 18 (1797) [addressed to "Joseph Shauquethqueat, Hendrick Aupaumut and all others of the Stockbridge Nation"]
  • copy of the speech left by the Friends of Maryland for the Wyandot Indians, 1797 "To the chiefs of the Wyandots, Shawnees and Delaware Indians"
  • ms. copy of a letter from the Indian women at Oneida to the women Friends [Hannah Eddy, Martha Titus, Elizabeth Seaman] at New York, 1797
  • letters addressed to Thomas Wistar: ALS from Jacob Taylor, Oneida, 6 mo. 9, 1797; ALS from Halliday Jackson, [Genesingughta], 1798; ALS from John Elliot, n.d.
  • ALS to Henry Simmons, N. Stockbridge, from Elizabeth Josep, 11 mo. 8, 1797 re: her daughter going to live with Friends
  • account of Women Friends of Chester Quarterly Meeting, 1798-1803, for leggings, etc. presumably for Indians
  • [memo. of some Indian names] Wyandots 1 mo. 27, 1798
  • ms. draft of a letter to Edm[un]d Prior and Thomas Eddy, 5 mo. 15, 1798
  • [memo. of certificate of Hannah Jackson to work with Oneida Indians, 1800]
  • "extracts of letters from and to the Indian natives accompanying report to the Yearly Meeting, 1801" [Stockbridge Indians]
  • observations on the Indians of Oneida, with regard to civilization and improvement, 1801
  • letter to Henry Drinker (1801) from H. Dearborn, War Dept.
  • account of Indian Committee with Joseph Clark, 1802, for sundry goods provided for Solomon Quackmut and wife, Stockbridge Indians
  • list of items for the [Taunswantee?] Indians, 1803
  • minutes of a meeting of the "Committee for the gradual civilization of the Indian natives 3 mo. 15, 1804"
  • letter to Jacob Taylor, from David Bacon, Thomas Stewardson, Jno. Shoemaker, jr., 1 mo. 7, 1805
  • ms. draft of a letter to Jacob Taylor, Benjamin Cope, Joel Swayne, Rachel Cope and Hannah Jackson from Hy. Drinker, T. Wistar, T. Stewardson, 1806
  • [memo. on state of the Indian Fund, 1807]
  • letter to Benjamin Cope, Jacob Taylor, Joel Swaine, Stephen Twining and Hannah Jackson from the committee, Jonathan Evans, Thomas Stewardson, Thomas Wistar, John Shoemaker, Isaac Bomall, 9 mo. 18, 1807
  • ms. draft of letter from the committee, 12 mo. 18, 1807

Folder 4 Wistar, Thomas (1798-1876). Biographical sketch.

includes:

  • typed transcript of article which appeared in the Phila. Bulletin, Feb. 1876 titled "Thomas Wistar, Late Indian Commissioner"
  • biographical sketch of Thomas Wistar by [Edward M. Wistar] [holograph ms.]

Folder 5 Plans, maps, statistics, printed notices, etc., 1894-1916 and n.d.

(ca. 29 items; note: this material relates directly to work of Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs)

includes:

  • map of Hominy showing Indian camps in relation to Daniel and Hattie Williams' house
  • statistical reports of Indian work, 1894, 1895, 1900
  • plan of Tecumseh property
  • plan of Friends buildings at Skiatook
  • misc. mss. that appear to have become separated from their proper place in the Assoc. Ex. Comm. records folders (fragments of letters, receipts, bills, etc.)
  • Scanned Image "Statistical Report Friends' Indian Mission Work in Indian Territory for the Year Ending Fifth Month 31, 1894" (approximately 312K).

Box 2 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3 | Box 4 | Box 5 | Box 6 | Box 7 | Box 8

Letters, 1892-1899

(6 folders)

Folder 1 Letters, 1892-1894

(ca. 37 items: ALS, TLS, TL, ms. copies)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Oliver H. Bales; Rachel Kirk; John D. Miles; James E. Rhoads; Charles S. Taylor; John M. Watson and his daughter Eva Watson (also her monthly reports from Skiatook School, Indian Territory).

topics discussed include:

  • Skiatook School (run by John M. Watson and family)
  • White's Indiana Manual Labor Institute
  • Kickapoo Mission
  • finances of the missions and government spending to aid the missions

also letters addressed to:

  • Oliver H. Bales
    from: James E. Rhoads re: White's Indiana Manual Labor Institute, Indian Training School (ms. copy)
  • D.M. Browning (Commissioner of Indian Affairs)
    from: Oliver H. Bales re: White's Institute (TLS)
  • Charles W. Kirk (Supt. Friends Indian Mission, Tecumseh, Oklahoma)
    from: D.M. Browning (typed copy, Commissioner of Indian Affairs); T.J. Morgan (Dept. of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs)
  • John Nicholson
    from: Elizabeth Test (Kickapoo Mission, Oklahoma Territory)
  • Prof. C.C. Painter
    from: Elizabeth Test (Choctaw City, Ok. Ty., ms. copy)
  • James E. Rhoads
    from: Rachel Kirk; Rev. M.E. Strieby (American Missionary Association); extract of letter from Charles F. Coffin re: Skiatook School (ALS, TLS, ms. copies)

Folder 2 Letters, 1895, January - April

(ca. 59 items)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Oliver H. Bales re: White's Indiana Manual Labor Institute; Myra E. Frye; Hetty B. Garrett; Annie Garrigues; George N. Hartley; Rachel Kirk; John Nicholson on committee business; Charles Rhoads; Jonathan M. Steere; Elizabeth Test (ALS and AL penned by Rachel Kirk); John Watson and his daughter Eva Watson (also her monthly reports of Skiatook School); Herbert Welsh (Indian Rights Association)

topics discussed include:

  • Navajos starving in Arizona
  • annual meeting of the [Assoc. Ex. Com.]
  • conditions at Wyandotte
  • Skiatook School
  • Kickapoos and Elizabeth Test's work among them
  • death of Dr. James Rhoads
  • death of Charles C. Painter
  • charges against J.D.M. [John D. Miles?]
  • general news of missions and the people in the field (especially in the letters of John Nicholson and George N. Hartley)
  • situation of Rachel Kirk now that her husband has died
  • precarious financial situation of White's Institute

also letters addressed to:

  • Hetty B. Garrett
    from: Allen Jay (Pasadena, Ca.) (ALS); John Nicholson
  • George N. Hartley
    from: William L. George (Wyandotte, I.T.) re: conditions at Wyandotte (ALS); John Nicholson (ALS, letterpress book pages)
  • James E. Rhoads
    from: Rachel Kirk (typed copy)
  • Jonathan M. Steere
    from: G.N. Hartley (postal card)
  • Herbert Welsh, Indian Rights Association
    from: Constant Williams (TL) marked "private and confidential" re: emergency caused by lack of food for the Navajos

Folder 3 Letters, 1895, May - December

(ca. 78 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: John B. Bishop; Oliver H. Bales (White's Institute); Robert M. Ferris; Alice C. Fletcher; Myra E. Frye; George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; Robert W. Hodson; John [] Kimber (cousin of EMW); Rachel Kirk; Francis E. Leupp (agent, Washington Agency of the Indian Rights Association); John Nicholson (Chairman of the Committee on Religious Interests) on committee business; Elizabeth Test (on the Kickapoos); Eva Watson (Skiatook School); James Whitall; E. Whittlesey (Board of Indian Commissioners)

topics discussed include:

  • committee business
  • proposed resignation of Robert W. and Lemma J. Hodson (from Miami, I.T.)
  • proposed resignation of Amos and Charity Davis
  • E.C. Cook taking charge at Modoc
  • question of whether [SoF?] should have title to lands improved by Friends' work?
  • perceived "shortcomings" of people in the field and should they be retained?
  • duties of workers in the field
  • conditions at the various missions and schools (especially in the letters of John Nicholson and George N. Hartley)
  • situation of the Kickapoos; illegal leasing of their land by whites and refusal of Kickapoos to go to their "allotments"; need of educating the Kickapoos for their own protection in a changing world
  • Skiatook School

also letter addressed to:

  • Herbert Welsh
    from: Francis F. Leupp (typed copy) re: situation in Durango

Folder 4 Letters, 1896-1898

(ca. 25 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: D.M. Browning; Benjamin Butler; B.D. Caldwell (Western Passenger Association in re: to G.N. Hartley, Mrs. Charles W. Kirk); George N. Hartley; W.A. Jones (Office of Indian Affairs); W.A. Mills (at White's Institute); John Nicholson; E. Whittlesey (Board of Indian Commissioners); Elizabeth Test (on the Kickapoos); Eva Watson (Friends School, Hillside, I.T.)

topics discussed include:

  • work of the Catholics (G.N. Hartley doesn't trust them)
  • purchase of Indian land
  • Elizabeth Test, Field Matron among the Kickapoos
  • Skiatook School
  • White's Institute (now under direction of W.A. Mills)
  • mention in letter of John Nicholson (1 mo. 20, 1896) that Clara Barton and the Red Cross are leaving N.Y. soon [to go to Armenia?]
  • C.E. Roberts' situation at Tecumseh
  • financial matters
  • situation of the Kickapoos; they have moved to their allotments but fear losing their land through the actions of unscrupulous whites
  • Friends School, Hillside, I.T. [Skiatook?]
  • bad situation at Lincoln School (letter of W.H. Jones)

also letters addressed to:

  • Hetty B. Garrett
    from: Asa [I.] Wing (sends her box of letters, etc. relating to Indian affairs
  • John Nicholson
    from: G.N. Hartley re: barn needed by J.F. [Mardock], includes plan of barn

Folder 5 Letters, 1899, January - May

(ca. 57 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Cyrus Beede; S.M. Brosius (Agent, Indian Rights Association); E.C. and A.D. Cook; Henry L. Dawes (Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes); Myra E. Frye; John B. Garrett; George N. Hartley; Thomas Harvey; Abbie C. Haworth; John Nicholson; Fred L. Ryon; Mary H. Shed; Jonathan M. Steere; Elizabeth Test; Eva Watson (Skiatook School reports); John M. Watson; Herbert Welsh; Francis A. White

topics discussed include:

  • in general, the different missions and the people stationed at each one (especially in John Nicholson's and George N. Hartley's letters)
  • Skiatook School (Eva Watson writes that she has been there eleven years)
  • Chippewa and lumber rights
  • Martin J. Bentley (Assistant-Special Indian Agent) case and Senator Quay, Commissioner [Jones] biased in favor of Bentley due to relationship with W.S. Fields; Elizabeth Test writes that Bentley is out to get the land of the Kickapoos
  • Five Civilized Tribes Commission and proposed Cherokee Treaty which would give [all schools?] Skiatook School only four acres
  • smallpox among the Creek Nation (letters of G.N. Hartley, 2.20.1899, 3.3.1899)
  • visit of the Chippewas to Washington, D.C.
  • committee business
  • expenses of those in the field (who pays for what)
  • John Nicholson letter (3.16.1899) inquires whether Wistar is familiar with inhumane treatment of convicts in Georgia under the "leasing out" system
  • Shawnee mission, Tecumseh, Ok. Ter. (religious success) in letter of Fred L. Ryon (4 mo. 3, 1899)
  • Big Jims Band (Indians)
  • arranging the meeting of Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs held at Baltimore, 5th mo., 1899 (program, speakers, problem of delegates not attending, etc.)

also letters addressed to:

  • Hetty B. Garrett
    from: John Nicholson re: committee business
  • Charles Rhoads
    from: A.C. [Tonner], Office of Indian Affairs re: timber on land of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota
  • Jonathan M. Steere
    from: E.C. Cook re: "Uncle George"

Folder 6 Letters, 1899, June - December

(ca. 91 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Samuel M. Brosius; T. Wistar Brown; R.S. Burnett; H.L. Dawes; Samuel Dickson (lawyer); William L. and Lucinda S. George; George N. Hartley; Allen Jay (per Mahalah Jay); W.A. Jones (Commissioner, Office of Indian Affairs); Lewis W. McFarland; John Nicholson; D.A. Outland; Lee Patrick (U.S. Indian Service); Charles Rhoads; William Small; Jonathan M. Steere; Elizabeth Test; Miles White, Jr.; Walter F. Willcox (Dept. of Interior, Census Office); Carolena M. Wood (Board of Home and Foreign Missions of New York Yearly Meeting of Friends)

topics discussed include:

  • general discussion of the various missions and the people in the field, especially in the letters of John Nicholson and George N. Hartley
  • suitability of Nathan Perry and wife for missionary work
  • qualifications of missionaries and lack thereof; finding suitable people for the various positions
  • finances of various missions (Skiatook School and Eva Watson)
  • Elizabeth Test discusses conversation with Martin J. Bentley (she doesn't trust him re: Indian's land)
  • Lewis W. McFarland discusses sales of liquor to the Indians (Dec. 18, 1899)
  • John D. Miles and charges against him
  • investigation by the Dept. of Interior of matters at the Sac and Fox Agency, also the Mexican Kickapoos
  • Kickapoos and investigation of Martin J. Bentley
  • conflict between Bentley and Lee Patrick alluded to in letter of S.M. Brosius (Oct. 16, 1899)
  • Skiatook School and Eva Watson
  • mention of Rufus M. Jones and discussion whether to publish articles on Indian work
  • Fred L. Ryon wishes to visit all the Govt. Indian Schools in the west
  • R.S. Burnett's monthly report for Seneca Nation, I.T., for 10 mo., 1899

also letters addressed to:

  • William and Lucinda George
    from: Alfaretta Mitchell re: endorsements of the Georges as missionaries to the Ottawa tribe of Indians
  • George N. and L. Ella Hartley
    from: William L. George; John D. Miles (Antlers, I.T.) re: plan for educating Indian orphans
  • Jonathan M. Steere
    from: L. Ella Hartley re: George N. Hartley accompanying the McFarlands to their new position among the Iowa Indians

Box 3 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3 | Box 4 | Box 5 | Box 6 | Box 7 | Box 8

Letters, 1900-1904

(4 folders)

Folder 1 Letters, 1900

(ca. 80 items: ALS, TLS, postcard, telegrams)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Samuel M. Brosius; Hetty B. Garrett; George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; Abigail C. Haworth; Allen Jay; W.A. Jones (Commissioner, Office of Indian Affairs); Franklin Meredith; John Nicholson; D.A. and R.M. Outland; Eva Watson; John M. Watson; Francis A. White; Carolena M. Wood

topics discussed include:

  • in general, the situation of the various missions and the people running them (especially in the letters of John Nicholson and George N. Hartley
  • finding suitable people to fill positions at the missions
  • Martin J. Bentley investigation (from letters and telegrams of Samuel M. Brosius); Commissioner unhappy with Special Agent Taggart's investigation into Lee Patrick as it was favorable to Patrick and Patrick was against Bentley; Bentley and Kickapoos in Washington in attempt to have Patrick removed as agent; Inspector Zevely going to Oklahoma to investigate Patrick and Bentley, Brosius urges Wistar to go out himself; Zevely works for the" Secretary" [of what?] and not for the Commissioner
  • Skiatook School
  • financial matters, funding
  • smallpox reappears
  • policy of whether executive committee should purchase land
  • Edward M. Wistar might head west
  • situation of D.A. and R.M. Outland, missionaries to the Oto Indians, Otoe, Oklahoma
  • Scanned Image S.M. Brosius of the Indian Rights Association, to "Mr. Wistar", May 22, 1900 , presenting a status report of various tribes; Iowas, Osage, Pueblo, Shoshones, Stockbridge, Munsee and Pima. (approximately 390K).

Folder 2 Letters, 1901-1903

(ca. 71 items: ALS, TLS, TL)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Lodi and Anna Bonser [Benson?]; Josiah Butler and Eusebia S. Couch (Friends Evangelistic, Pastoral and Church Extension work of Kansas Yearly Meeting); George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; Abigail C. Haworth; George D. Hilyard; Allen Jay; W.A. Jones; Mary S. Kimber; Daniel W. Lawrence (Superintendent of Friends' School at Hillside, I.T.); George H. Lee; John Nicholson; D.A. and R.M. Outland; Elizabeth Test; Eva Watson; John M. Watson; Carolena M. Wood

topics discussed include:

  • in general, the situation at the various missions and the people running them (especially in the letters of George N. Hartley)
  • report of work done among the Kickapoos by Elizabeth Test (May 1901)
  • suggestions for change in the eastern stations of Indian mission work in a letter of Abigail C. Haworth to the Assoc. Exec. Comm. (directed to their annual meeting of 1901)
  • Skiatook School [Hillside, I.T.], reports from Eva Watson (principal); criticism of her selling a horse
  • Martin J. Bentley and the Kickapoo Indians (Kickapoos think they will be moved to Mexico); Commissioner Jones writes that they have been so far unable to pin anything on Bentley
  • missions and Kansas Yearly Meeting (unwillingness to have them turned over to Kansas Yearly Mtg., 1903)

also letters addressed to:

  • Carolena M. Wood
    from: M.L. Chase re: suitability of the Woodwards to fill in for the Hartleys during their absence and engage in missionary work
  • John Nicholson
    from: Franklin and Mary Moon Meredith re: their work at Wyandotte
  • George N. Hartley
    from: John M. Watson

Folder 3 Letters, 1904, January - July

(ca. 57 items: ALS, TLS, TL)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar:.

correspondents include: Dr. H.H. Atkinson; Lodi and Anna Bonser; Eliza H. Carey (Friends Evangelistic, Pastoral and Church Extension work of Kansas Yearly Meeting); J. Edward and Louisa Hartance; George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; William P. Haworth (mission to the Oto Indians, Oklahoma); Thomas and Elizabeth [Hayden]; Rachel Kirk; Daniel W. Lawrence; Josiah W. Leeds; Franklin Meredith; John Nicholson; Anna M. Ray; Matthew K. Sniffen (Indian Rights Association); Elizabeth Test; Frank A. Thackery; Anna F. [Tuber] (San Jose, Ca.)

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people in the field (especially in the letters of the Hartleys and of John Nicholson)
  • Martin J. Bentley and his relationship with the Kickapoo Indians; ongoing investigation into Bentley's alleged attempts to steal land from the Kickapoos (see letter of Jan. 14, 1904 to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from Absentee Shawnee Agency, Shawnee, Okla., for details of scheme of Bentley and Fields)
  • reluctance of Kansas Yearly Meeting to assume responsibility for Indian meetings once they cease to be Indian missions under the authority of the Assoc. Exec. Comm. on Indian Affairs; transfer of Modoc meeting to Kansas Yearly Mtg.
  • proposed visit of Edward Wistar to the west
  • Friends' School, Hillside, I.T. [Skiatook School]
  • expected resignation of George N. and L. Ella Hartley from their position and finding replacements for them

Folder 4 Letters, 1904, July - December

(ca. 133 items: ALS, TLS, TL)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Albert Benson; Lodi and Anna Bonser; Samuel M. Brosius; Benjamin S. Coppock; George A. Dary; Myra E. Frye; T.M. Griffiths; George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; J. Edward Hart[suck]; Ellworth Haworth; William P. and Abigail C. Haworth; Thomas [] Elizabeth Ho[y]den; William A. Jones; Rachel Kirk; Daniel W. Lawrence; Lina B. Lunt; J. Walter Malone; Franklin and Mary Moon Meredith; John Nicholson; D.A. Outland; Morton C. Pearson (Church Federation of Indianapolis, Office of executive secretary, Y.M.C.A.); J. Snowdon Rhoads; Matthew K. Sniffen; A.C. Tanner; Elizabeth Test; Frank A. Thackery

topics discussed include:

  • general news of the missions and the people running them, especially in the letters of George N. Hartley, John Nicholson and the Haworths
  • prohibition in Indian Territory
  • suitability of William P. and Abigail Haworth or Franklin and Mary Moon Meredith to replace the Hartleys as Superintendents
  • Lodi and Anna Bonser resigning their post; also D.A. Outland discouraged and wishes to resign
  • financial matters
  • Haworths appointed as successors to the Hartleys as Superintendents
  • the Merediths leaving Wyandotte
  • dismissal of W.H. Spray as agent for the Eastern Cherokee Indians
  • situation of the Kickapoo Indians
  • Seneca mission (the Bonsers)
  • J.E. Hartsuck and wife successors to the Merediths at Wyandotte
  • desire to acquire lands for the mission at Shawnee, Oklahoma Ter.

also letters addressed to:

  • George N. Hartley
    from: William A. Henley re: lease Henley made to the mission
  • Matthew K. Sniffen
    from: William A. Jones re: W.H. Spray; Commissioner W.A. Jones (typed copy) re: Jones' resignation as Indian Commissioner and his thanks to the Indian Rights Association and S.M. Brosius
  • Jonathan M. Steere
    from: Edward M. Wistar re: Shawnee and Kickapoo allotment
  • James Whitall
    from: George A. Dary re: legacy of Lydia Marie Child

Box 4 | Table of contents | Summary | Box 1 | Box 2 | Box 3 | Box 4 | Box 5 | Box 6 | Box 7 | Box 8

Letters, 1905-1907

(6 folders)

Folder 1 Letters, 1905, January - June

(ca. 72 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Samuel M. Brosius; Alice C. Fletcher; Hetty B. Garrett; Merrill E. Gates; William L. and Lucinda S. George; Abigail Hadley; George N. Hartley; L. Ella Hartley; J. Edward and Laura Hartsuck; William P. Haworth; J.H. Kennedy; Rachel Kirk; Daniel W. Lawrence; Francis E. Leupp; F.G. Mitchell (Mission to the Navajo Indians); John Nicholson; D.A. Outland; Margaret P. Rhoads; Matthew K. Sniffen; Elizabeth Test; Frank A. Thackery; Harvey Wallace; Francis A. White

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people in the field, especially in the letters of John Nicholson and William P. Haworth
  • finding suitable people to fill vacancies at missions (Seneca)
  • inquiry into securing fee simple title to the Mission lands among the Shawnees and the Kickapoos, Oklahoma Terr.
  • Kickapoo Indians and selling their land
  • Brosius reports that Bentley, who is in Washington, should have no influence with new Indian Commissioner Leupp; Leupp writes to Wistar that he is familiar with Bentley
  • hearing before the Senate to urge the enactment of appropriate legislation to prohibit the further expenditure of Indian trust funds for sectarian contract schools, also statement of S.M. Brosius to the committee
  • Oto Indians, Otoe, Oklahoma (D.A. Outland letters)
  • Harvey L. and Elizabeth Wallace assigned to Seneca mission
  • Friends Skiatook School, Hillside, Ind. Terr.
  • Elizabeth Test pleads for something to be done to stop Bentley's schemes to get Kickapoo land (he allegedly paid an Indian $8,000 for land that he then sold for $41,000)
  • resignation of William L. and Lucinda S. George from their work at Ottawa

also letters addressed to:

  • William P. Haworth
    from: Frank A. Thackery re: building project at Shawnee, Okla.
  • John Nicholson
    from: Harvey Wallace who wants to work with the Indians
  • Herbert Welsh
    from: A.J. Bard (typed copy) full of scandalous accusations against Samuel M. Brosius (bribery, schemes to defraud Indians, illegitimate children)

Folder 2 Letters, 1905, July - December

(ca. 102 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Charles C. Binney; Samuel M. Brosius; R. Stevenson [Stephenson] and Julia Burnett; Henry K. Cooper; Wilson Cornelius (an Oneida Indian, Oneida Settlement, Seymour, Wis.); Myra E. Frye; Merrill E. Gates; J. Addison Griffitts; Thomas M. Griffitts; Abigail J. Hadley; George N. Hartley; William P. Haworth; Thomas and Elizabeth Hayden (Modoc mission, [Seneca, Mo.]); Allen Jay; Rachel Kirk; Charles F. Larrabee (Acting Commissioner); Daniel W. Lawrence; John Nicholson; D. Amos Outland; Frank A. Thackery; D.A. and H.E. Williams

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of missions and the people working at them, especially in the letters of William P. Haworth and John Nicholson
  • situation at Hillside (friction there, criticism in letter of A.J. Hadley, finding someone to handle the religious instruction of the Indians)
  • finding suitable people to work at the missions, vacancies at Otoe and Hillside
  • R. Stevenson and Julia Burnett wish to work at Big Jim's Mission; Rachel Kirk has reservations about their suitability for that position
  • Oto Indians, Otoe, Oklahoma (letters of D.A. Outland)
  • Wilson Cornelius, an Oneida Indian, writes asking for help in purchasing land in Minnesota
  • D.A. and H.E. Williams appointed to Otoe mission
  • Bentley in Washington to defend himself; evidence submitted to the Secretary [of the Interior?] with recommendations (Brosius letter)
  • doctrinal controversy at Modoc mission
  • Scanned Image D. W. Lawrence to E. M. Wistar, August 1, 1905, concerning the opening of the Friends Ski-a-took School, the status of teachers and the physical plant. "...there are many [Indians] who feel too poor to send their children so far away to school." Page 1 | Page 2 (approximately 98K each).

also letter addressed to:

  • John Nicholson
    from: Daniel A. Williams (postcard) re: Otoe mission

Folder 3 Letters, 1906, January - June

(ca. 65 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: W.R. Andrews (secretary to Boise Penrose); Mary S. Allen (Friends Library, Phila.); Samuel M. Brosius; Francis H. Brown; R. Stevenson and Julia Burnett; Maria M. Cox; John B. Garrett; Merrill E. Gates; Fred. D. Gleason (Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute); George N. and L. Ella Hartley; William P. Haworth; Allen Jay; Mahalah Jay; Rachel Kirk; P.C. Knox; Daniel W. Lawrence; Lina B. Lunt; F.A. McKenzie (Ohio State U.); John Nicholson; Matthew K. Sniffen; Elizabeth Test; Frank A. Thackery; Harvey Wallace; Francis A. White; D.A. Williams (Otoe, Ind. Terr.)

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people running them, especially in the letters of John Nicholson and William P. Haworth
  • annual report of the Board of Indian Commissioners
  • Friends Skiatook School; Daniel W. Lawrence offers his resignation; search for successor
  • finding suitable people for vacancies at the missions; vacancies at Hillside and Ottawa
  • situation at Otoe mission (D.A. Williams letter)
  • title to the mission land near Shawnee
  • more on Bentley and the Kickapoos; Kickapoos in Mexico prevented from returning to U.S. by police who throw them in jail (Brosius letters, Elizabeth Test letter)
  • account of Tecumseh Church fund
  • situation at Mardock, Oklahoma (letter of R.S and Julia Burnett)

also letters addressed to:

  • Mrs. Mahalah Jay
    from: Belle M. Brain re: information on Friends' work with the Indians
  • Jonathan M. Steere
    from: Mary S. Allen re: obtaining current reports

Folder 4 Letters, 1906, July - December

(ca. 72 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Irvin C. Dickinson (Friends Indian Mission and Day School, Hillside, Ind. Terr.); Myra E. Frye; William P. Haworth; John Howard; Daniel W. Lawrence; Piety E. Lawrence; John Nicholson; Mary F. Park; John M. Ratcliff; Walter Smedley; Elizabeth Test; Miles White, Jr.; Delia L. Williams (Women's Home Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Delaware, Ohio)

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people running them, especially in the letters of John Nicholson and William P. Haworth
  • filling vacancies at Hillside, Ottawa and Modoc
  • difficulties at Hillside, possible closure of boarding school
  • land held by missionaries
  • interest in and future of the Assoc. Ex. Comm., does it have one? (letter of John Nicholson, 8 mo. 9, 1906)
  • Daniel W. Lawrence leaves Hillside, Irvin C. and Ethel L. Dickinson take over at Hillside
  • John Nicholson writes (9.7.1906) that western Friends lack a religious concern for any special service and are more interested in external considerations
  • Elizabeth Test writes that Bentley's schemes have been defeated re: Kickapoos
  • Omar and Miriam Mendenhall going to Ottawa mission
  • possible conflict between Friends workers and Methodist Episcopal Church Missionary Society (see letter of Delia L. Williams, Nov. 21, 1906)

also letters addressed to:

  • John Nicholson
    from: Abigail J. Hadley re: starting a mission among the Cherokee
  • William P. Haworth
    from: Allen C. Johnson; Emory Pearson re: vacancy at Hillside; Omar and Miriam C. Mendenhall at Ottawa

Folder 5 Letters, 1907, January - July

(ca. 76 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters are addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Charles Anderson; Samuel M. Brosius; Francis H. Brown; Nathan Brown; R.S. Burnett; P.H. Cathey; John W. Clark (National Indian Assoc.); Abner Coppock; Irvin C. and Ethel L. Dickinson; John M. Doan; J.A. Dunbar; T.C. Dunbar; J.H. Furnas; Merrill E. Gates; J.E. and Laura Hartsuck; William P. Haworth; George D. Hilyard; Allen Jay; David P. Johnson; William W. Johnson; Rachel Kirk; Charles F. Larrabee; Francis E. Leupp; John Nicholson; James S. Sloat; Francis A. White; D.A. Williams; Egerton R. Young

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people stationed at them, especially in the letters of John Nicholson and William P. Haworth
  • obtaining patents in fee for land on the Absentee Shawnee, Kickapoo and Oto Reservations, Oklahoma, occupied for religious purposes by the Assoc. Ex. Com. of Friends on Indian Affairs (see letter from Leupp, 1.9.1907, and others)
  • vacancy at Modoc to be filled by Mahlon E. and Nellie A. Davis
  • Bentley and the Kickapoos; Bentley is launching an investigation (with the help of Senator Teller) to try and show that it is the Indian Office in Washington that is wronging the Kickapoos and not himself; Brosius wants to line up witnesses (E. Test, Haworths, etc., see S.M.B.'s letters of 2.15.1907, 4.10.1907, 4.15.1907)
  • conditions at Skiatook School, Hillside, Ind. Terr.
  • serious problems at Big Jims Mission, R. Stevenson Burnett bought a stock of store goods to sell and put his brother John in charge of it, John apparently made "improper proposals" to Julia Burnett, R.S. and Julia both claim that John secretly drugged Julia and R.S. allegedly tried to kill his brother (see letter of Haworth, 6.1.1907); also letters of support and nonsupport for R.S. Burnett from residents there

also letters addressed to:

  • George N. Hartley
    from: Samuel M. Brosius (typed copy) re: Haworth testifying against Bentley
  • William P. Haworth
    from: M.E. Davis at Modoc
  • Francis E. Leupp
    from: Samuel M. Brosius (typed copy) re: Indians and management of their land
  • "the sisters at Kickapoo mission"
    from: T.C. Dunbar re: Burnett situation

Folder 6 Letters, 1907, August - December

(ca. 60 items: ALS, TLS)

Letters addressed to Edward M. Wistar.

correspondents include: Charles C. Binney; R.S. Burnett; James Clark; Ethel Dickinson; I.C. and E.L. Dickinson; J.A. Dunbar; Merrill E. Gates; Isaac T. Gibson; W. Jasper Hadley; Rachel Hale; George N. Hartley; J. Edward and Laura Hartsuck; Abigail C. Haworth; William P. Haworth; John Higgins; Elizabeth A. Hill; J.J. Hill; Ella Holstein; Allen Jay; Rachel Kirk; Francis E. Leupp; John Nicholson; overseers and elders of Big Jim's Mission; H.C. Phillips; Walter and Jessie Ratcliff; Marion E. and Mary J. Reisinger; Walter Smedley

topics discussed include:

  • in general, news of the various missions and the people running them, especially in the letters of William P. Haworth
  • repairs at the various missions and expenses thereof
  • the situation at Big Jim's mission, Wistar receiving letters in support and otherwise re: retention of R.S. Burnett; letters from Burnett defending himself; letter of resignation of Burnett
  • suggestions for a replacement for the Burnetts at Big Jim's mission; eventually replaced by John J. and Elizabeth A. Hill
  • situation at Otoe mission; conflict between D.A. Outland and D.A. Williams (see letter of Abigail Haworth, 9.25.1907)
  • situation at Hillside
  • investigation at the Crow agency, disagreement between Wistar and Leupp (over sheep?)
  • possibility of starting a Friends school and mission near the Osages (see Isaac T. Gibson's letters)

also letters addressed to:

  • Mrs. Abigail Haworth
    from: J.J. Hill
  • Allen Jay
    from: Isaac T. Gibson
  • Francis E. Leupp
    from: Edward M. Wistar (2 typed copies of 2 letters)
  • Matthew [K. Sniffen]
    from: Herbert Welsh (typed copy 11.21.1907) re: J. Lewis Dalby and Samuel M. Brosius, Crow reservation investigation, friction between Washington authorities and the Indian Rights Association

Continue to Box 5


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