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Haverford College

2011-12 Course Catalog

At Bryn Mawr: Growth and Structure of Cities, 2011-2012

DescriptionFacultyMajor RequirementsMinor Requirements3-2 Program in City and Regional PlanningCoursesDepartment Homepage

Description

Students may complete a major or minor in Growth and Structure of Cities. Students also may enter the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in cooperation with the University of Pennsylvania.

The interdisciplinary Growth and Structure of Cities major challenges students to understand the dynamic relationships connecting urban spatial organization and the built environment with politics, economics, cultures and societies worldwide. Core introductory classes present analytic approaches that explore changing forms of the city over time and analyze the variety of ways through which women and men have re-created global urban life through time and across cultures. With these foundations, students pursue their interests through classes in architecture, urban social and economic relations, urban history, studies of planning and the environmental conditions of urban life. Opportunities for internships, volunteering and study abroad also enrich the major. Advanced seminars further ground the course of study by focusing on specific cities and topics.

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Faculty

Associate Professor Juan Manuel Arbona,
Senior Lecturer and ChairJeffrey A. Cohen
Professor Carola Hein
Visiting Assistant Professor in Growth and Structure of CitiesAbdulrazzak Karriem
Professor Gary Wray McDonogh
Associate Professor Ellen Stroud
Senior Lecturer Daniela Holt Voith Visiting Assistant Professor in Growth and Structure of Cities Jun Zhang

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Major Requirements

A minimum of 15 courses (11 courses in Cities and four allied courses in other related fields) is required to complete the major. Two introductory courses (185, 190) balance sociocultural and formal approaches to urban form and the built environment, and introduce cross-cultural and historical comparison of urban development. The introductory sequence should be completed with a broader architectural survey course (253, 254, 255) and a second social science course that entails extended analysis (217 or 229). These courses should be completed as early as possible in the first and second years; at least two of them must be taken by the end of the first semester of the sophomore year. Students are encouraged to use other writing intensive classes within the major to develop a range of skills in methods, theory and presentation. In addition to these introductory courses, each student selects six elective courses within the Cities Department, including cross-listed courses. At least two must be at the 300 level. In the senior year, a third advanced course is required. Most students join together in a research seminar, CITY 398. Occasionally, however, after consultation with the major advisers, the student may elect another 300-level course or a program for independent research. This is often the case with double majors who write a thesis in another field.

Each student must also identify four courses outside Cities that represent additional expertise to complement her work in the major. These may include courses such as physics and calculus for architects, or special skills in design, language or regional interests. Any minor, concentration or second major also fulfills this requirement. Cities courses that are cross-listed with other departments or originate in them can be counted only once in the course selection, although they may be either allied or elective courses.

Both the Cities Department electives and the four or more allied courses must be chosen in close consultation with the major advisers in order to create a strongly coherent sequence and focus. This is especially true for students interested in architecture, who will need to arrange studio time (226, 228) as well as accompanying courses in math, science and architectural history; they should contact the department director or Daniela Voith in their first year. Likewise, students interested in pursuing a concentration in Environmental Studies should consult with Ellen Stroud early in their career, and those interested in pursuing Iberian, Latin American, and Latino/a themes should consult with Gary McDonogh. All students will be asked to provide a statement of their interests and goals to enrich the advising process.

Finally, students should also note that many courses in the department are given on an alternate-year basis. Many carry prerequisites in art history, economics, history, sociology or the natural sciences.

Programs for study abroad or off campus are encouraged, within the limits of the Bryn Mawr and Haverford rules and practices. In general, a one-semester program is strongly preferred. The Cities Department regularly works with off-campus and study-abroad programs that are strong in architectural history, planning and design, as well as those that allow students to pursue social and cultural interests. Students who would like to spend part or all of their junior year away must consult with the major advisers and appropriate deans early in their sophomore year.

Cities majors have created major plans that have allowed them to coordinate their interests in cities with architecture, planning, ethnography, history, law, environmental studies, mass media, social justice, medicine, public health, the fine arts and other fields. No matter the focus, though, each Cities major must develop a solid foundation in both the history of architecture and urban form and the analysis of urban culture, experience and policy. Careful methodological choices, clear analytical writing and critical visual analysis constitute primary emphases of the major. Strong interaction with faculty and other students are an important and productive part of the Cities Department, which helps us all take advantage of the major’s flexibility in an organized and rigorous way.

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Minor Requirements

Students who wish to minor in the Cities Department must take at least two out of the four required courses and four Cities electives, including two at the 300 level. Senior Seminar is not mandatory for fulfilling the Cities minor.

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3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning

Over the past two decades, many Cities majors have entered the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania. Students interested in this program should meet with Carola Hein early in their sophomore year.

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Courses

CITY B103 Earth System Science and the Environment (Cross-listed as GEOL-B103)

L. Elkins, D. Barber
This integrated approach to studying the Earth focuses on interactions among geology, oceanography and biology. Also discussed are the consequences of population growth, industrial development and human land use. Two lectures and one afternoon of laboratory or fieldwork per week. A required two-day (Fri.-Sat.) field trip is taken in April. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B104 Archaeology of Agricultural and Urban Revolutions (Cross-listed as ARCH-B104)

P. Magee
From Egypt to India This course examines the archaeology of the two most fundamental changes that have occurred in human society in the last 12,000 years, agriculture and urbanism, and we explore these in Egypt and the Near East as far as India. We also explore those societies that did not experience these changes. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B110 The World Through Classical Eyes (Cross-listed as ARCH-B110 and CSTS-B110)

A. Donohue
A survey of the ways in which the ancient Greeks and Romans perceived and constructed their physical and social world. The evidence of ancient texts and monuments will form the basis for exploring such subjects as cosmology, geography, travel and commerce, ancient ethnography and anthropology, the idea of natural and artificial wonders, and the self-definition of the classical cultures in the context of the oikoumene, the “inhabited world.” Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B115 Classical Art (Cross-listed as ARCH-B115, CSTS-B115 and HART-B115)

A. Donohue
An introduction to the visual arts of ancient Greece and Rome from the Bronze Age through Late Imperial times (circa 3000 B.C.E. to 300 C.E.). Major categories of artistic production are examined in historical and social context, including interactions with neighboring areas and cultures; methodological and interpretive issues are highlighted. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B136 Working with Economic Data (Cross-listed as ECON-B136)

D. Ross
Applies selected principles of economics to the quantitative analysis of economic data; uses spreadsheets and other tools to collect and judge the reliability of economic data. Topics may include measures of income inequality and poverty; unemployment, national income and other measures of economic well-being; cost-benefit of public and private investments; construction of price indices and other government statistics; evaluating economic forecasts; and the economics of personal finance. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B160 Daily Life in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cross-listed as ARCH-B160 and CSTS-B160)

A. Donohue
The often-praised achievements of the classical cultures arose from the realities of day-to-day life. This course surveys the rich body of archaeological and literary evidence pertaining to how ancient Greeks and Romans—famous and obscure alike—lived and died. Topics include housing, food, clothing, work, leisure and family and social life. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B175 Environment and Society: History, Place, and Problems (Cross-listed as SOCL-B175)

E. Stroud, R. Simpson
Introduces the ideas, themes, and methodologies of the interdisciplinary field of environmental studies beginning with definitions: what is nature? What is environment? And how do people and their settlements fit into each? The course then moves to distinct disciplinary approaches in which scholarship can and does (and does not) inform our perceptions of the environment. Assignments introduce methodologies of environmental studies, requiring reading landscapes, working with census data and government reports, critically interpreting scientific data and analyzing work of experts. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B180 Introduction to Urban Planning

J. Hurley
Lecture and technical class that considers broad issues of global planning as well as the skills and strategies necessary to the field. This may also be linked to the study of specific issues of planning such as waterfront development or sustainability. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B185 Urban Culture and Society (Cross-listed as ANTH-B185)

Staff, G. McDonogh
Examines techniques and questions of the social sciences as tools for studying historical and contemporary cities. Topics include political-economic organization, conflict and social differentiation (class, ethnicity and gender), and cultural production and representation. Philadelphia features prominently in discussion, reading and exploration as do global metropolitan comparisons through papers involving fieldwork, critical reading and planning/problem solving using qualitative and quantitative methods.

CITY B190 The Form of the City: Urban Form from Antiquity to the Present (Cross-listed as HART-B190)

C. Hein
This course studies the city as a three-dimensional artifact. A variety of factors—geography, economic and population structure, politics, planning and aesthetics—are considered as determinants of urban form. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B203 Ancient Greek Cities and Sanctuaries (Cross-listed as ARCH-B203)

J. Wright
A study of the development of the Greek city-states and sanctuaries. Archaeological evidence is surveyed in its historic context. The political formation of the city-state and the role of religion is presented, and the political, economic and religious institutions of the city-states are explored in their urban settings. The city-state is considered as a particular political economy of the Mediterranean and in comparison to the utility of the concept of city-state in other cultures.

CITY B204 Economics of Local Environmental Programs (Cross-listed as ECON-B242)

D. Ross
Considers the determinants of human impact on the environment at the neighborhood or community level and policy responses available to local government. How can economics help solve and learn from the problems facing rural and suburban communities? The instructor was a local township supervisor who will share the day-to-day challenges of coping with land use planning, waste disposal, dispute resolution and the provision of basis services. Prerequisite: ECON 105. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B205 Social Inequality (Cross-listed as SOCL-B205)

M. Osirim
Introduction to the major sociological theories of gender, racial-ethnic and class inequality with emphasis on the relationships among these forms of stratification in the contemporary United States, including the role of the upper class(es), inequality between and within families, in the work place and in the educational system. Counts toward Gender and Sexuality Studies concentration.

CITY B206 Statistical Methods in Economics (Cross-listed as ECON-B203)

J. Lanning, R. Stahnke, T. Vartanian
An introduction to econometric terminology and reasoning. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability and statistical inference. Particular emphasis is placed on regression analysis and on the use of data to address economic issues. The required computational techniques are developed as part of the course. Prerequisites: ECON B105, or H101 and H102, and a 200-level elective (may be waived by the instructor). Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B207 Topics in Urban Studies

J. Cohen
An intensive writing course for mid-level students where we explore how we understand and write about architecture and architectural history, including the analysis of visual materials in texts and in real sites. Current topic description: An exploration of the architecture and evolution of the Philadelphia area over three centuries. A local focus will allow both first-hand experience of buildings and reference to period archival evidence as a basis for constructing a nuanced understanding of the subject.

CITY B209 Medical Anthropology (Cross-listed as ANTH-B210)

M. Pashigian
This course examines the relationships between culture, society, disease and illness. It considers a broad range of health-related experiences, discourses, knowledge and practice among different cultures and among individuals and groups in different positions of power. Topics covered include sorcery, herbal remedies, healing rituals, folk illnesses, modern disease, scientific medical perceptions, clinical technique, epidemiology and political economy of medicine. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or permission of instructor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B210 Natural Hazards (Cross-listed as GEOL-B209)

A. Weil
A quantitative approach to understanding the earth processes that impact human societies. We consider the past, current and future hazards presented by geologic processes, including earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods and hurricanes. The course includes discussion of the social, economic and policy contexts within which natural geologic processes become hazards. Case studies are drawn from contemporary and ancient societies. Lecture three hours a week, with one day-long field trip. Prerequisite: one semester of college science or permission of instructor. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B212 Medieval Architecture (Cross-listed as HART-B212)

A. Walker
Not just Gothic cathedrals, medieval architecture includes mosques, synagogues, fortifications, palaces, monasteries and other residential structures produced in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East between about 300 and 1350 CE. This course offers a selective overview and an introduction to research in this broad and diverse field of study.

CITY B213 Taming the Modern Corporation (Cross-listed as ECON-B213)

D. Ross, D. Alger
Introduction to the economics of industrial organization and regulation, focusing on policy options for ensuring that corporations enhance economic welfare and the quality of life. Topics include firm behavior in imperfectly competitive markets; theoretical bases of antitrust laws; regulation of product and occupational safety; environmental pollution; and truth in advertising. Prerequisite: ECON H101 or B105.

CITY B214 Public Finance (Cross-listed as ECON-B214)

M. Weinberg
Analysis of government’s role in resource allocation, emphasizing effects of tax and expenditure programs on income distribution and economic efficiency. Topics include sources of inefficiency in markets and possible government responses; federal budget composition; social insurance and antipoverty programs; U.S. tax structure and incidence. Prerequisites: ECON B105 or H101.

CITY B215 Urban Economics (Cross-listed as ECON-B215)

R. Stahnke
Micro- and macroeconomic theory applied to urban economic behavior. Topics include housing and land use; transportation; urban labor markets; urbanization; and demand for and financing of urban services. Prerequisite: ECON 105, or 101 and 102. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B217 Research Methods and Theories

Staff
This course will provide the student with the basic skills to design and implement a research project. The emphasis will be on the process (and choices) of constructing a research project and on “learning by doing.” The course will encompass both quantitative and qualitative techniques and will examine the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy. By the end of the semester students will have learned the basics for planning and executing research on a topic of their choice. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B218 Topics in World Cities: Contemporary Chinese Urbanism (Cross-listed as EAST-B218)

Staff
An introduction to contemporary issues related to the urban environment. Topics vary.

CITY B222 Introduction to Environmental Issues (Cross-listed as POLS-B222)

C. Hager
An exploration of the ways in which different cultural, economic and political settings have shaped issue emergence and policy making. We examine the politics of particular environmental issues in selected countries and regions. We also assess the prospects for international cooperation in solving global environmental problems such as climate change. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B225 Economic Development (Cross-listed as ECON-B225)

M. Rock
Examination of the issues related to and the policies designed to promote economic development in the developing economies of Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Focus is on why some developing economies grow faster than others and why some growth paths are more equitable, poverty reducing and environmentally sustainable than others. Includes consideration of the impact of international trade and investment policy, macroeconomic policies (exchange rate, monetary and fiscal policy) and sector policies (industry, agriculture, education, population and environment) on development outcomes in a wide range of political and institutional contexts. Prerequisite: ECON B105, or H101 and H102.

CITY B226 Introduction to Architectural Design

D. Voith, S. Olshin
This studio design course introduces the principles of architectural design. Prerequisites: drawing, some history of architecture, and permission of instructor.

CITY B227 Topics in Modern Planning (Cross-listed as FREN-B227, GERM-B227 and HART-B227)

C. Hein
This studio design course introduces the principles of architectural design. Prerequisites: drawing, some history of architecture, and permission of instructor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B228 Problems in Architectural Design

D. Voith, S. Olshin
A continuation of CITY 226 at a more advanced level. Prerequisites: CITY 226 or other comparable design work and permission of instructor.

CITY B229 Topics in Comparative Urbanism (Cross-listed as ANTH-B229, EAST-B229, HART-B229 and SOCL-B230)

G. McDonogh
This is a topics course. Topics vary. Enrollment limited to 20 with preference to Cities majors. Current topic description: Conquest, subordination, hybridities, resistance and post-colonial reconfigurations have shaped cities and citizens worldwide for millennia. Beginning from the work of Fanon, we explore political economics, architecture, planning, culture and social struggle via British rule (Hong Kong, Belfast), French domination (Paris, North Africa) and dialectics of the U.S.-Mexico border. The class entails systematic comparison through research, discussion and writing. Limit 20, prefer sophomore/junior majors. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B234 Environmental Economics (Cross-listed as ECON-B234)

D. Ross, M. Rock
Introduction to the use of economic analysis explain the underlying behavioral causes of environmental and natural resource problems and to evaluate policy responses to them. Topics may include air and water pollution; the economic theory of externalities, public goods and the depletion of resources; cost-benefit analysis; valuing nonmarket benefits and costs; economic justice; and sustainable development. Prerequisites: ECON B105, or H101 and H102. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B237 Urbanization in Africa (Cross-listed as HIST-B237)

K. Ngalamulume
The course examines the cultural, environmental, economic, political and social factors that contributed to the expansion and transformation of preindustrial cities, colonial cities and cities today. We will examine various themes, such as the relationship between cities and societies; migration and social change; urban space, health problems, city life and women. Counts toward Africana Studies concentration. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B238 The Economics of Globalization (Cross-listed as ECOn-B236)

J. Ceglowski
The course examines the cultural, environmental, economic, political and social factors that contributed to the expansion and transformation of preindustrial cities, colonial cities and cities today. We will examine various themes, such as the relationship between cities and societies; migration and social change; urban space, health problems, city life and women. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B242 Urban Field Research Methods (Cross-listed as SOCL-B242 and ANTH-B242)

A. Takenaka
This Praxis course intends to provide students with hands-on research practice in field methods. In collaboration with the instructor and the Praxis Office, students will choose an organization or other group activity in which they will conduct participant observation for several weeks. Through this practice, students will learn how to conduct field-based primary research and analyze sociological issues. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East (Cross-listed as ARCH-B244, HIST-B244 and POLS-B244)

M-A. Ataç
A survey of the history, material culture, political and religious ideologies of, and interactions among, the five great empires of the ancient Near East of the second and first millennia B.C.E.: New Kingdom Egypt, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in Mesopotamia and the Persian Empire in Iran. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B247 Topics in German Cultural Studies (Cross-listed as GERM-B223 and HISTO-B247)

D. Kenosian

This is a topics course. Course content varies. Topic for Spring 2011: Kafka’s Prague. German and European Writing from the Czech Metropolis. Prague of the late 19th century became for some European writers an icon of modernizing Europe. In this course, we will explore the representations of the spaces of Prague from 1890 until 1920 to trace how German-speaking Jewish and gentile artists and thinkers attempted to negotiate the cultural, linguistic and political contradictions of a city undergoing rapid transformations. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B248 Modern Middle East Cities (Cross-listed POLS-B248 and HEBR-B248)

D. Harrold
Taking advantage of the considerable new scholarship on cities, the course will draw from diverse fields to bring different methods to the study of Middle Eastern cities and urbanization. The course will treat the negotiation of state control, urban planning and its alterations in urban practices, social movements and new spaces of politics, competing architectural visions, globalizations and new local identities. It will treat such topics as Islamic charities in Cairo, shopping malls as public space in Dubai City, Islamic politics in public space in Istanbul, the restructuring of Beirut and ideas of modernity in the construction of Tel Aviv. Counts toward Middle East Studies concentration. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B249 Asian American Communities (Cross-listed as ANTH-B249 and SOCL-B249)

A. Takenaka
This course is an introduction to the study of Asian American communities that provides comparative analysis of major social issues confronting Asian Americans. Encompassing the varied experiences of Asian Americans and Asians in the Americas, the course examines a broad range of topics—community, migration, race and ethnicity and identities—as well as what it means to be Asian American and what that teaches us about American society. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B250 Growth & Spatial Organization of the City (Cross-listed as HIST-B251)

J. Cohen, E. Stroud
This course explores the recent history of U.S. cities as both physical spaces and social entities. How have the definitions, political roles and social perceptions of U.S. cities changed since 1900? And how have those shifts, along with changes in transportation, communication, construction and other technologies affected both the people and places that comprise U.S. cities? In 2010-2011, the class used the built environment of Philadelphia to tackle these issues. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B251 La Mosaïque France (Cross-listed as FREN-B251)

B. Cherel
A study that opposes the discourse of exclusion, xenophobia, racism and the existence of a mythical, unique French identity by examining 20th-century French people and culture in their richness and variety, based on factors such as gender, class, region, colonization and decolonization, immigration and ethnic background. Films and texts by Begag, Beauvoir, Cardinal, Carles, Duras, Ernaux, Jakez Helias, Modiano and Zobel. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B253 Survey of Western Architecture (Cross-listed as HART-B253 and HIST-B253)

D. Cast
The major traditions in Western architecture are illustrated through detailed analysis of selected examples from classical antiquity to the present.

CITY B254 History of Modern Architecture (Cross-listed as HART-B254)

C. Hein
A survey of the development of modern architecture since the 18th century. The course focuses on international networks in the transmission of architectural ideas since 1890.

CITY B255 Survey of American Architecture (Cross-listed as HART-B255)

J. Steffensen
An examination of landmarks, patterns, landscapes, designers and motives in the creation of the American built environment over four centuries. The course will address the master narrative of the traditional survey course, while also probing the relation of this canon to the wider realms of building in the United States. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B257 The British Empire (Cross-listed as HIST-B257)

M. Kale
Focusing on the Atlantic slave trade and the slave plantation mode of production, this course explores English colonization, and the emergence and the decline of British Empire in the Americas and Caribbean from the 17th through the late 20th centuries. It tracks some of the intersecting and overlapping routes—and roots—connecting histories and politics within and between these “new” world locations. It also tracks the further and proliferating links between developments in these regions and the histories and politics of regions in the “old” world, from the north Atlantic to the South China sea.

CITY B258 L’Espace réinventé (Cross-listed as FREN-B258)

M. Giraud
The cityscape is a dominant figure in the 19th and 20th century, at a time where the notion of “writing the city” really develops, influencing and even structuring beliefs. Urban theory and cultural criticism will supplement literary analysis as we consider how novelists Mercier, Rétif de la Bretonne, Balzac, Hugo and Zola, and poets Baudelaire and Rimbaud have sought to make visible, through novelistic and lyric voices, the evolution of the perception of the city as architectural, social and political body since the end of the 18th century. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B260 Show and Spectacle in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cross-listed as CSTS-B255, ARCH-B255 and HIST-B285)

A. Baertschi
A survey of public entertainment in the ancient world, including theater and dramatic festivals, athletic competitions, games and gladiatorial combats, and processions and sacrifices. Drawing on literary sources, with attention to art and the archaeology and topography, we will explore the social, political and religious contexts of ancient spectacle. Special consideration will be given to modern equivalents of staged entertainment and representation of ancient spectacle in contemporary film and interpretive approaches such as gaze studies and carnivalesque. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B266 Schools in American Cities (Cross-listed as EDUC-B266 and SOCL-B266)

J. Cohen
This course examines issues, challenges and possibilities of urban education in contemporary America. We use as critical lenses issues of race, class and culture; urban learners, teachers and school systems; and restructuring and reform. While we look at urban education nationally over several decades, we use Philadelphia as a focal “case” that students investigate through documents and school placements. Enrollment is limited to 25 with priority given to students pursuing certification or the minor in educational studies and to majors in Sociology and Growth and Structure of Cities. This is a Praxis I course (weekly fieldwork in a school required). Counts toward Africana Studies concentration. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B267 Philadelphia, 1682 to Present (Cross-listed as HIST-B267)

E. Shore
This course will focus on the intersection of the sense of Philadelphia as it is popularly understood and the Philadelphia that we can reconstruct individually and together using scholarly books and articles, documentary and popular films and novels, visual evidence and visits to the chief repositories of the city’s history. We will analyze the relationship between the official representations of Philadelphia and their sources and we will create our own history of the city. Preference given to junior and senior Growth and Structure of Cities and History majors, and those students who were previously lotteried out of the course. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B269 Black America in Sociological Perspective (Cross-listed as SOCL-B229)

R. Washington
This course provides sociological perspectives on various issues affecting black America: the legacy of slavery; the formation of urban ghettos; the struggle for civil rights; the continuing significance of discrimination; the problems of crime and criminal justice; educational under-performance; entrepreneurial and business activities; the social roles of black intellectuals, athletes, entertainers and creative artists. Counts toward Africana Studies concentration. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B271 History of Photography (Cross-listed as HART-B271)

S. Schwartz
Examines the development of photography, from its invention to contemporary artistic practices. Beginning with an investigation of the scientific origins, traces the complex functions of the photographic image. Familiarizes students with key figures in European and American photography as well as key texts reflecting the unstable status of the photographic object between technology and aesthetics, mass culture and the avant-garde, art and document. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B276 Philadelphia Mural Arts

J. Cohen
Philadelphia is home to 3,000 murals. Students will explore this exciting movement in civic activism and the arts, leading the design and execution of a legacy mural project celebrating Bryn Mawr’s 125th. Students will gain experience with community organizing for this project, in Philadelphia as well as on campus. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B278 American Environmental History (Cross-listed as HIST-B278)

E. Stroud
This course explores major themes of American environmental history, examining changes in the American landscape, development of ideas about nature and the history of environmental activism. Students will study definitions of nature, environment and environmental history while investigating interactions between Americans and their physical worlds. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B287 Urbanism as a Way of Life (Cross-listed as SOCL-B287)

R. Simpson
How do cities affect our understanding of ourselves as individuals and our perception of the larger group? This course examines the urban experience, which extends far beyond the boundaries of the city itself. An introduction to urban sociology, the course will also make use of history, anthropology, literature and art. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B299 Cultural Diversity and Its Representations (Cross-listed as GERM-B299 and COML-B299)

A. Seyhan
This is a topics course. It will focus on representations of “foreignness” and “others” in selected German works since the 18th century, including works of art, social texts and film, and on the cultural productions of non-German writers and artists living in Germany today. Topics vary. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B301 Topics in Modern Architecture

J. Steffensen
This is a topic course. Course content varies. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B305 Ancient Athens (Cross-listed as ARCH-B305)

A. Lindenlauf
This course is an introduction to the Acropolis of Athens, perhaps the best-known acropolis in the world. We will explore its history, understand and interpret specific monuments and their sculptural decoration and engage in more recent discussions, for instance, on the role the Acropolis played in shaping the Hellenic identity. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B306 Advanced Fieldwork Techniques: Places in Time

J. Cohen
A workshop for research into the histories of places, intended to bring students into contact with some of the raw materials of architectural and urban history. A focus will be placed on historical images and texts, and on creating engaging informational experiences that are transparent to their evidentiary basis.

CITY B308 Topics in Photography: Photography and War (Cross-listed as HART-B308)

S. Schwartz
Examining photographic practices between the 1850’s and the 1970’s, this seminar seeks to move beyond the reflective analysis of the city in the image and as the subject of representation to the relationship between photography and urbanization. Taking up various theories and models it explores how making records and reorganization of space developed as related means of modernization. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B312 Topics in Medieval Art (Cross-listed as HART-B311 and HIST-B311)

A. Walker
Current topic description: Sacred Spaces of Islam. Through case studies of specific cultural groups and their architectural traditions, this seminar traces the development of Islamic sacred space during the 7th to the 20th centuries, from North America to India. Readings address both the historical contexts in which buildings were produced as well as the rituals and beliefs that gave them meaning. Critical texts from architectural theory provide students with a foundation in the methods and concepts that have shaped scholarly discourse on sacred space in the modern era.

CITY B314 The Economics of Social Policy (Cross-listed as ECON-B314)

M. Weinberg
Introduces students to the economic rationale behind government programs and the evaluation of government programs. Topics include health insurance, social security, unemployment and disability insurance, and education. Additionally, the instructor and students will jointly select topics of special interest to the class. Emphasis will be placed on the use of statistics to evaluate social policy. Prerequisites: ECON 200 and 203.

CITY B319 Advanced Topics in German Cultural Studies (Cross-listed as GERM-B321, COML-B321 and HART-B348)

C. Hertel, I. Meyer
This is a topics course. Course content varies. Topic for 2011-12 is The Transnational Cosmopolitanism of Swiss Literature. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B321 Technology and Politics (Cross-listed as POLS-B321)

C. Hager
An analysis of the complex role of technology in political and social life. We focus on the relationship between technological development and democratic governance. Discussion of theoretical approaches is supplemented by case studies of particular issues, such as electoral politics, warfare and terrorism, social networking and citizen mobilization, climate change, agriculture and food safety. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B322 Topics in German Literature (Cross-listed as GERM-B310)

D. Kenosian
Course content varies. Topic for Fall 2010: Leaps of Faith: Religion in German Literature and Culture. This course focuses on discourses on religion in German literature and culture. We will analyze representations of Judaism, Christianity and Islam in German literature. We will also discuss representations of religious institutions, as well as representations of the role these institutions play within German society at various points in history. We will pay particular attention to the intersections of discourses on religion with discourses on family, gender, class and race. One additional hour of target language instruction TBA. Previous topics included Decadent Munich: 1890-1925. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B323 Topics in Renaissance Art

D. Cast
Selected subjects in Italian art from painting, sculpture and architecture between the years 1400 and 1600. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B324 Economics of Discrimination & Inequality (Cross-listed as ECON-324)

J. Lanning
Explores the causes and consequences of discrimination and inequality in economic markets. Topics include economic theories of discrimination and inequality, evidence of contemporary race- and gender-based inequality, detecting discrimination, and identifying sources of racial and gender inequality. Additionally, the instructor and students will jointly select supplementary topics of specific interest to the class. Possible topics include: discrimination in historical markets, disparity in legal treatments, issues of family structure and education gaps. Prerequisites: At least one 200-level applied microeconomics elective, Economics 203 or 204, and Economics 200 or 202.

CITY B325 Topics in Social History (Cross-listed as HIST-B325)

E. Stroud
This a topics course that explores various themes in American social history. Course content varies. Current topic description: This course examines the emerging visibility of queer subjects in the American context as well the processes by which such visibility occurs. How is queer history made? Who makes it? What constitutes a meaningful moment in this history? Who gets to appear in American history and what voice are queer subjects allowed to offer to the narration of the national past? This course is linked to the Flexner lecture series in November 2011 with Judith Butler.

CITY B328 Analysis of Geospatial Data Using GIS (Cross-listed as ARCH-B328, BIOL-B328 and GEOL-B328)

D. Consiglio, D. Fitz-Patrick, B. Reese
An introduction to analysis of geospatial data, theory and the practice of geospatial reasoning. As part of this introduction students will gain experience in using one or more GIS software packages and be introduced to data gathering in the field by remote sensing. Each student is expected to undertake an independent project that uses the approaches and tools presented. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B329 Advanced Topics in Urban Environmental Studies

E. Stroud This is a topics course. Course content varies. Current topic description: In this course we will be exploring the place of human bodies in U.S. Environmental History. We will be looking at the ways in which people are quite literally a part of nature, examining how their physical selves shape and are shaped by their place in the natural world. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B331 Palladio and Neo-Palladianism (Cross-listed as HART-B331)

D. Cast
A seminar on the diffusion of Palladian architecture from the 16th century to the present. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B335 Mass Media and the City (Cross-listed as ANTH-B335)

G. McDonogh
Maps and murals, newspapers and graffiti, theater and internet—how do they pattern how we imagine cities, dwell in them or battle for our places within them? This seminar entails a critical examination of the crucial nexus of cities, modernities and media, drawing on theoretical models from linguistics, communication, film and cultural studies, and Marxist analysis while exploring case materials from the Americas, Asia, Africa and Europe. Students will be expected to critique models and cases while anchoring their own research in a portfolio about a single city. Limited to 15. For advanced students with preference to Cities majors. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B338 The New African Diaspora: African and Caribbean Immigrants in the United States (Cross-listed as SOCL-B338)

M. Osirim
An examination of the socioeconomic experiences of immigrants who arrived in the United States since the landmark legislation of 1965. After exploring issues of development and globalization at “home” leading to migration, the course proceeds with the study of immigration theories. Major attention is given to the emergence of transnational identities and the transformation of communities, particularly in the northeastern United States. Counts toward Africana Studies concentration. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B345 Advanced Topics in Environment and Society (Cross-listed as SOCL-B346)

R. Simpson, A. Hayes-Conroy, E. Stroud
This is a topics course. Topics vary. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B348 Culture and Ethnic Conflict (Cross-listed as POLS-B348)

M. Ross
An examination of the role of culture in the origin, escalation and settlement of ethnic conflicts. This course examines the politics of culture and how it constrains and offers opportunities for ethnic conflict and cooperation. The role of narratives, rituals and symbols is emphasized in examining political contestation over cultural representations and expressions such as parades, holy sites, public dress, museums, monuments and language in culturally framed ethnic conflicts from all regions of the world. Prerequisites: two courses in the social sciences. Counts toward Peace, Conflict and Social Justice Studies concentration. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B355 Topics in the History of London (Cross-listed as HART-B355)

D. Cast
Selected topics of social, literary and architectural concern in the history of London, emphasizing London since the 18th century. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B360 Topics in Urban Culture and Society (Cross-listed as ANTH-B359, HART-B359 and SOCL-B360)

G. McDonogh
This is a topics course. Course content varies. Current topic description: Over two millennia, Barcelona has been capital, subordinate, battleground and arena of visionaries. A center for Catalan culture, a partner-adversary in Spain, an edge to Europe and a node for global ties of trade, image and immigration, Barcelona embodies many questions of the modern global city. Through architecture, urbanism, literature, art, ecology and social history, we will explore multiple voices and visions through which Barcelonins and critics re-imagine the city itself. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor.

CITY B365 Techniques of the City: Space, Place, and Power

Staff
This is a topics course. Course content varies.

CITY B377 Topics in Modern Architecture (Cross-listed as HART-B377)

C. Hein
This is a topics course on modern architecture. Topics vary. Current topic description: This course uses the global architecture of oil—-its extraction, administration and resale—to examine the impact of international economic networks on architecture and urban form since the mid-19th century.

CITY B378 Formative Landscapes: The Architecture and Planning of American Collegiate Campuses

J. Cohen
An exploration of the architecture, planning and visual rhetoric of American collegiate campuses from their early history to the present. Historical consideration of architectural trends and projected imageries will be complemented by student exercises involving documentary research on design genesis, typological contexts and critical reception. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B397 Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies (Cross-listed as GEOL-B397, ANTH-B397 and BIOL-B397)

C. Hager, D. Barber, C. Oze, E. Stroud
A seminar course that encourages and facilitates environmental problem solving by interdisciplinary teams of ES concentrators. Coursework may take the form of civic engagement (Praxis) projects. Students hone their research, collaboration and leadership abilities by working on real problems facing our community and the broader world. Students will provide oral and written progress reports and submit written summaries of their findings. Collaborative research projects also are possible. Three hours per week. Counts toward Environmental Studies minor. Not offered in 2011-12.

CITY B398 Senior Seminar

Staff, G. McDonogh, C. Hein, E. Stroud
An intensive research seminar designed to guide students in writing a senior thesis.

CITY B403 Independent Study

D. Voith, J. Cohen, G. McDonogh, C. Hein, E. Stroud

CITY B415 Teaching Assistant

D. Consiglio, G. McDonogh, E. Stroud, I. Steffensen, R. Simpson, J. Cohen, C. Hein, J. Arbona, J. Hurley
An exploration of course planning, pedagogy and creative thinking as students work to help others understand pathways they have already explored in introductory and writing classes. This opportunity is available only to advanced students of highest standing by professorial invitation.

CITY B425 Cities: Praxis Independent Study

G. McDonogh, A. Hayes-Conroy, C. Hein, E. Stroud, J. Cohen
A collective opportunity for students to come together on the basis of engagement in praxis in the greater Philadelphia area; internships generally must be arranged prior to registration for the semester in which the internship is taken. Limited to five students per semester by permission of the instructor.

CITY B450 Urban Internships/Praxis

G. McDonogh
Individual opportunities to engage in praxis in the greater Philadelphia area; internships must be arranged prior to registration for the semester in which the internship is taken. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

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